Behavioral science in diabetes

Contributions and opportunities

Russell E. Glasgow, Edwin B. Fisher, Barbara J. Anderson, Annette LaGreca, David Marrero, Suzanne B. Johnson, Richard R. Rubin, Daniel J. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

172 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To summarize the current status of behavioral research and practice in diabetes and to identify promising future directions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We review behavioral science contributions to diabetes in self-management and patient empowerment, interventions with children and adolescents, and special problems including blood glucose awareness training and complications such as depression. We also identify emerging areas in which behavioral science stands to make significant contributions, including quality of life, worksite and community programs, interventions using new information technologies, and translation research evaluating practical programs in representative settings. We then discuss the gap between the generally encouraging research on behavioral contributions to diabetes and the infrequent incorporation of such contributions in practice. Suggestions are made for how to close this gap, including ways to increase understanding of behavioral issues, opportunities for funding of key research and implementation questions, and how behavioral science principles can become more integrated into diabetes organizations and care. CONCLUSIONS - Changes are required on the part of behavioral scientists in how they organize and present their research and on the part of potential users of this knowledge, including other health professions, organizations, and funding agencies. Integrating behavioral science advances with other promising genetic, medical, nutritional, technology, health care, and policy opportunities promises not only to broaden our understanding of diabetes but also to improve patient care, quality of life, and public health for persons with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)832-843
Number of pages12
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

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Behavioral Sciences
Behavioral Research
Research
Quality of Life
Organizations
Nutrigenomics
Technology
Patient Participation
Health Occupations
Medical Genetics
Self Care
Health Policy
Workplace
Blood Glucose
Patient Care
Research Design
Public Health
Depression
Delivery of Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Glasgow, R. E., Fisher, E. B., Anderson, B. J., LaGreca, A., Marrero, D., Johnson, S. B., ... Cox, D. J. (1999). Behavioral science in diabetes: Contributions and opportunities. Diabetes Care, 22(5), 832-843. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.22.5.832

Behavioral science in diabetes : Contributions and opportunities. / Glasgow, Russell E.; Fisher, Edwin B.; Anderson, Barbara J.; LaGreca, Annette; Marrero, David; Johnson, Suzanne B.; Rubin, Richard R.; Cox, Daniel J.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 22, No. 5, 05.1999, p. 832-843.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glasgow, RE, Fisher, EB, Anderson, BJ, LaGreca, A, Marrero, D, Johnson, SB, Rubin, RR & Cox, DJ 1999, 'Behavioral science in diabetes: Contributions and opportunities', Diabetes Care, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 832-843. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.22.5.832
Glasgow RE, Fisher EB, Anderson BJ, LaGreca A, Marrero D, Johnson SB et al. Behavioral science in diabetes: Contributions and opportunities. Diabetes Care. 1999 May;22(5):832-843. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.22.5.832
Glasgow, Russell E. ; Fisher, Edwin B. ; Anderson, Barbara J. ; LaGreca, Annette ; Marrero, David ; Johnson, Suzanne B. ; Rubin, Richard R. ; Cox, Daniel J. / Behavioral science in diabetes : Contributions and opportunities. In: Diabetes Care. 1999 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 832-843.
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