Benzquinamide inhibits P-glycoprotein mediated drug efflux and potentiates anticancer agent cytotoxicity in multidrug resistant cells

Roberto Mazzanti, James M. Croop, Zenaida Gatmaitan, Mark Budding, Kim Steiglitz, Robert Arceci, Irwin M. Arias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously shown that efflux of cytotoxic drugs from multidrug resistant (MDR) cell lines can be quantitated at the single cell level using a sensitive fluorescence microscopy technique. Based on the structure of compounds which inhibited the efflux of Rhodamine-123 (Rho-123) using this methodology, we hypothesized that the antiemetic, antihistaminic agent benzquinamide (BZQ) would interfere with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated drug transport and potentiate the effects of anticancer agents in MDR cell lines. We show that BZQ interferes with P-gp mediated drug efflux and increases drug accumulation in MDR cells using Rho-123 as a fluorescent probe. BZQ increases the cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents to both human and hamster MDR cell lines in vitro. A slight increase in cytotoxicity to chemotherapeutic agents is also observed in the parental cell lines with BZQ. BZQ increases [3H]daunorubicin accumulation and inhibits the binding of [125I]iodoaryl azidoprazosin to the P-gp in MDR cells. BZQ is a new agent to increase the cytotoxic effects of anticancer agents in MDR cells and may ultimately prove useful as an adjunct in cancer chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Research
Volume4
Issue number8-9
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Mazzanti, R., Croop, J. M., Gatmaitan, Z., Budding, M., Steiglitz, K., Arceci, R., & Arias, I. M. (1992). Benzquinamide inhibits P-glycoprotein mediated drug efflux and potentiates anticancer agent cytotoxicity in multidrug resistant cells. Oncology Research, 4(8-9), 359-365.