OBJECTIVE: To examine our experience with radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients with a serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of >20 ng/mL (who are sometimes considered poor candidates for RP) to determine the outcome and possible predictors of a favourable outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 79 patients who underwent RP with an initial PSA of 20-100 ng/mL. Biochemical disease-free survival (BDFS) was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and predictors of treatment outcome examined by uni- and multivariate analysis. Patients excluded from the analysis were 11 (14%) whose surgery was aborted after finding cancerous pelvic nodes and who did not undergo RP; four others with normal nodes during RP who had metastatic tumour on permanent sections; and 14 who had follow-up data for <2 years. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of the 50 patients in the final study population was 63 (7) years and the mean PSA 37.9 (16.0) ng/mL. The median (range) follow-up was 54 (24-120) months. The BDFS was 60% at 3 years and 48% at 5 years of follow-up. Two patients developed a local recurrence and eight developed metastatic disease. On logistic regression analysis of factors influencing BDFS, only extracapsular extension of disease was predictive of PSA recurrence; no preoperative factor was significant. When time to PSA recurrence was assessed by Cox regression analysis, again only extracapsular extension was predictive, with no preoperative variable a statistically significant predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a high serum PSA level (20-100 ng/mL) may be appropriate candidates for RP. While the cancer-free survival is not as good as in patients with a lower PSA, a significant percentage of patients achieve BDFS. No preoperative variables were predictive of disease-free survival or time to PSA recurrence.
- Prostatic cancer
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