Biofeedback‐assisted EMG reduction and subsequent self‐disclosure

James Malec, Carl N. Sipprelle, Shari Behring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A male E and a female E each conducted a single session of EMG biofeedback training with 24 male and 24 female Ss (N = 96) under one of three conditions: verbal reinforcement presented contingently on EMG reduction, yoked noncontingent verbal reinforcement, and no verbal reinforcement. After the biofeedback session, all Ss completed a Jourard Self‐disclosure Scale. Sex of S and verbal reinforcement conditions did not affect EMG biofeedback performance, but Ss treated by the male E decreased EMG mean and standard deviation more than Ss treated by the female E (p < 0.01). Ss who received noncontingent verbal reinforcement reported being least willing to disclose to the E (p < 0.05). These results are discussed in terms of the interpersonal influences that may affect biofeedback performance and self‐disclosure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-525
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology

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