Biomechanics of C-7 transfacet screw fixation

Laboratory investigation

Eric Horn, Phillip M. Reyes, Seungwon Baek, Mehmet Senoglu, Nicholas Theodore, Volker K H Sonntag, Neil R. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Object. The small diameter of the pedicle can make C-7 pedicle screw insertion dangerous. Although transfacet screws have been studied biomechanically when used in pinning joints, they have not been well studied when used as part of a C7-T1 screw/rod construct. The authors therefore compared C7-T1 fixation using a C-7 transfacet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct with a construct composed of pedicle screws at both levels. Methods. Each rigid posterior screw/rod construct was placed in 7 human cadaveric C6-T2 specimens (14 total). Specimens were tested in normal condition, after 2-column instability, and once fixated. Nondestructive, nonconstraining pure moments (maximum 1.5 Nm) were applied to induce flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation while recording 3D motion optoelectronically. The entire construct was then loaded to failure by dorsal linear force. Results. There was no significant difference in angular range of motion between the 2 instrumented groups during any loading mode (p > 0.11, nonpaired t-tests). Both constructs reduced motion to < 2° in any direction and allowed significantly less motion than in the normal condition. The C-7 facet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct allowed a small but significantly greater lax zone than the pedicle screw/rod construct during lateral bending, and it failed under significantly less load than the pedicle screw/rod construct (p < 0.001). Conclusions. When C-7 transfacet screws are connected to T-1 pedicle screws, they provide equivalent stability of constructs formed by pedicle screws at both levels. Although less resistant to failure, the transfacet screw construct should be a viable alternative in patients with healthy bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-343
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Fingerprint

Biomechanical Phenomena
Pedicle Screws
Articular Range of Motion
Joints
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • Cervical facet joint
  • Cervicothoracic fixation
  • Instrumentation rigidity
  • Spine fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Neurology

Cite this

Horn, E., Reyes, P. M., Baek, S., Senoglu, M., Theodore, N., Sonntag, V. K. H., & Crawford, N. R. (2009). Biomechanics of C-7 transfacet screw fixation: Laboratory investigation. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 11(3), 338-343. https://doi.org/10.3171/2009.3.SPINE08785

Biomechanics of C-7 transfacet screw fixation : Laboratory investigation. / Horn, Eric; Reyes, Phillip M.; Baek, Seungwon; Senoglu, Mehmet; Theodore, Nicholas; Sonntag, Volker K H; Crawford, Neil R.

In: Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Vol. 11, No. 3, 09.2009, p. 338-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Horn, E, Reyes, PM, Baek, S, Senoglu, M, Theodore, N, Sonntag, VKH & Crawford, NR 2009, 'Biomechanics of C-7 transfacet screw fixation: Laboratory investigation', Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 338-343. https://doi.org/10.3171/2009.3.SPINE08785
Horn, Eric ; Reyes, Phillip M. ; Baek, Seungwon ; Senoglu, Mehmet ; Theodore, Nicholas ; Sonntag, Volker K H ; Crawford, Neil R. / Biomechanics of C-7 transfacet screw fixation : Laboratory investigation. In: Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine. 2009 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 338-343.
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abstract = "Object. The small diameter of the pedicle can make C-7 pedicle screw insertion dangerous. Although transfacet screws have been studied biomechanically when used in pinning joints, they have not been well studied when used as part of a C7-T1 screw/rod construct. The authors therefore compared C7-T1 fixation using a C-7 transfacet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct with a construct composed of pedicle screws at both levels. Methods. Each rigid posterior screw/rod construct was placed in 7 human cadaveric C6-T2 specimens (14 total). Specimens were tested in normal condition, after 2-column instability, and once fixated. Nondestructive, nonconstraining pure moments (maximum 1.5 Nm) were applied to induce flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation while recording 3D motion optoelectronically. The entire construct was then loaded to failure by dorsal linear force. Results. There was no significant difference in angular range of motion between the 2 instrumented groups during any loading mode (p > 0.11, nonpaired t-tests). Both constructs reduced motion to < 2° in any direction and allowed significantly less motion than in the normal condition. The C-7 facet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct allowed a small but significantly greater lax zone than the pedicle screw/rod construct during lateral bending, and it failed under significantly less load than the pedicle screw/rod construct (p < 0.001). Conclusions. When C-7 transfacet screws are connected to T-1 pedicle screws, they provide equivalent stability of constructs formed by pedicle screws at both levels. Although less resistant to failure, the transfacet screw construct should be a viable alternative in patients with healthy bone.",
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N2 - Object. The small diameter of the pedicle can make C-7 pedicle screw insertion dangerous. Although transfacet screws have been studied biomechanically when used in pinning joints, they have not been well studied when used as part of a C7-T1 screw/rod construct. The authors therefore compared C7-T1 fixation using a C-7 transfacet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct with a construct composed of pedicle screws at both levels. Methods. Each rigid posterior screw/rod construct was placed in 7 human cadaveric C6-T2 specimens (14 total). Specimens were tested in normal condition, after 2-column instability, and once fixated. Nondestructive, nonconstraining pure moments (maximum 1.5 Nm) were applied to induce flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation while recording 3D motion optoelectronically. The entire construct was then loaded to failure by dorsal linear force. Results. There was no significant difference in angular range of motion between the 2 instrumented groups during any loading mode (p > 0.11, nonpaired t-tests). Both constructs reduced motion to < 2° in any direction and allowed significantly less motion than in the normal condition. The C-7 facet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct allowed a small but significantly greater lax zone than the pedicle screw/rod construct during lateral bending, and it failed under significantly less load than the pedicle screw/rod construct (p < 0.001). Conclusions. When C-7 transfacet screws are connected to T-1 pedicle screws, they provide equivalent stability of constructs formed by pedicle screws at both levels. Although less resistant to failure, the transfacet screw construct should be a viable alternative in patients with healthy bone.

AB - Object. The small diameter of the pedicle can make C-7 pedicle screw insertion dangerous. Although transfacet screws have been studied biomechanically when used in pinning joints, they have not been well studied when used as part of a C7-T1 screw/rod construct. The authors therefore compared C7-T1 fixation using a C-7 transfacet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct with a construct composed of pedicle screws at both levels. Methods. Each rigid posterior screw/rod construct was placed in 7 human cadaveric C6-T2 specimens (14 total). Specimens were tested in normal condition, after 2-column instability, and once fixated. Nondestructive, nonconstraining pure moments (maximum 1.5 Nm) were applied to induce flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation while recording 3D motion optoelectronically. The entire construct was then loaded to failure by dorsal linear force. Results. There was no significant difference in angular range of motion between the 2 instrumented groups during any loading mode (p > 0.11, nonpaired t-tests). Both constructs reduced motion to < 2° in any direction and allowed significantly less motion than in the normal condition. The C-7 facet screw/T-1 pedicle screw construct allowed a small but significantly greater lax zone than the pedicle screw/rod construct during lateral bending, and it failed under significantly less load than the pedicle screw/rod construct (p < 0.001). Conclusions. When C-7 transfacet screws are connected to T-1 pedicle screws, they provide equivalent stability of constructs formed by pedicle screws at both levels. Although less resistant to failure, the transfacet screw construct should be a viable alternative in patients with healthy bone.

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