Body composition and bone mineral density in patients with heart failure

Demetrius A. Abshire, Debra K. Moser, Jody L. Clasey, Misook L. Chung, Susan Pressler, Sandra B. Dunbar, Seongkum Heo, Terry A. Lennie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine associations among bone mineral density, osteopenia/osteoporosis, body mass index (BMI), and body composition in patients with heart failure (HF). A total of 119 patients (age = 61 ± 12 years, 65% male) underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans to determine bone mineral density and body composition. In multivariable linear regressions, BMI, relative skeletal muscle index (RSMI), and mineral-free lean mass were positively associated with total body bone mineral density. Mineral-free lean mass was most strongly associated with bone mineral density (β =.398). In multivariable logistic regressions, higher BMI, RSMI, and mineral-free lean mass were associated with lower odds for osteopenia/osteoporosis. Fat mass was not associated with total body bone mineral density or osteopenia/osteoporosis. These results suggest that muscle mass may be the important component of body mass associated with bone mineral density in patients with HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-599
Number of pages18
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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Body Composition
Bone Density
Heart Failure
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Osteoporosis
Minerals
Body Mass Index
Skeletal Muscle
Photon Absorptiometry
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Fats
Muscles

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Heart failure
  • Obesity
  • Sarcopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Abshire, D. A., Moser, D. K., Clasey, J. L., Chung, M. L., Pressler, S., Dunbar, S. B., ... Lennie, T. A. (2017). Body composition and bone mineral density in patients with heart failure. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 39(4), 582-599. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193945916658885

Body composition and bone mineral density in patients with heart failure. / Abshire, Demetrius A.; Moser, Debra K.; Clasey, Jody L.; Chung, Misook L.; Pressler, Susan; Dunbar, Sandra B.; Heo, Seongkum; Lennie, Terry A.

In: Western Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2017, p. 582-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abshire, DA, Moser, DK, Clasey, JL, Chung, ML, Pressler, S, Dunbar, SB, Heo, S & Lennie, TA 2017, 'Body composition and bone mineral density in patients with heart failure', Western Journal of Nursing Research, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 582-599. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193945916658885
Abshire, Demetrius A. ; Moser, Debra K. ; Clasey, Jody L. ; Chung, Misook L. ; Pressler, Susan ; Dunbar, Sandra B. ; Heo, Seongkum ; Lennie, Terry A. / Body composition and bone mineral density in patients with heart failure. In: Western Journal of Nursing Research. 2017 ; Vol. 39, No. 4. pp. 582-599.
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