Brief report

Illness factors and child behavior before and during pediatric hospitalization

Michelle C. Levy, William Kronenberger, Bryan D. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Little is known about factors predicting in-hospital adjustment in children with chronic illnesses or about risk/protective factors for in-hospital behavior compared to out-of-hospital behavior. This study investigated the relationship between illness factors (chronicity and severity) and child adjustment in and out of the hospital. Methods: Parents and nurses completed questionnaires about in-hospital and home behavior for a sample of 85 hospitalized children. Results: In the hospital, children with acute illnesses demonstrated more internalizing behavior problems than children with chronic illnesses. Children with life-threatening illnesses had more internalizing and externalizing problems than children with non-life-threatening illnesses. Out of the hospital, children with chronic illnesses demonstrated more internalizing problems and a trend toward more externalizing problems than healthy children who later developed acute illnesses. Out of hospital behavior problems were unrelated to illness severity. Conclusions: Results suggest that different illness factors may predict in-hospital as compared to out-of-hospital behavioral adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-909
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Illness Behavior
Child Behavior
Hospitalization
Pediatrics
Social Adjustment
Chronic Disease
Hospitalized Child
Parents
Nurses

Keywords

  • Behavior problems
  • Children
  • Hospitalization
  • Pediatric consultation-liaison

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Brief report : Illness factors and child behavior before and during pediatric hospitalization. / Levy, Michelle C.; Kronenberger, William; Carter, Bryan D.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 8, 09.2008, p. 905-909.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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