The acute effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in vivo are not well understood. After a single subcutaneous PTH (1-34) injection (50 nmol/kg) in mice, FGF23 levels were assessed in plasma using assays that measure either intact alone (iFGF23) or intact/ C-terminal FGF23 (cFGF23). Furthermore, FGF23 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels were assessed in bone. In addition, we examined the effects of PTH treatment on FGF23 production in vitro using differentiated calvarial osteocyte-like cells. cFGF23 levels increased by three- to fivefold within 2 hours following PTH injection, which returned to baseline by 4 hours. In contrast, iFGF23 levels remained unchanged for the first 2 hours, yet declined to ;60% by 6 hours and remained suppressed before returning to baseline after 24 hours. Using homozygous mice for an autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets-FGF23 mutation or animals treated with a furin inhibitor, we showed that cFGF23 and iFGF23 levels increased equivalently after PTH injection. These findings are consistent with increased FGF23 production in bone, yet rapid cleavage of the secreted intact protein. Using primary osteocyte-like cell cultures, we showed that PTH increased FGF23 mRNA expression through cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A, but not inositol triphosphate/protein kinase C signaling; PTH also increased furin protein levels. In conclusion, PTH injection rapidly increases FGF23 production in bone in vivo and in vitro. However, iFGF23 is rapidly degraded. At later time points through an unidentified mechanism, a sustained decrease in FGF23 production occurs.
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