Aberrant ocular angiogenesis can underpin vision loss in leading causes of blindness, including neovascular age-related macular degeneration and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Current pharmacological interventions require repeated invasive administrations, may lack efficacy and are associated with poor patient compliance and tachyphylaxis. Vitamin D has de novo anti-angiogenic properties. Here, our aim was to validate the ocular anti-angiogenic activity of biologically active vitamin D, calcitriol, and selected vitamin D analogue, 22-oxacalcitriol. Calcitriol induced a significant reduction in ex vivo mouse choroidal fragment sprouting. Viability studies in a human RPE cell line suggested non-calcemic vitamin D analogues including 22-oxacalcitriol have less offtarget anti-proliferative activity compared to calcitriol and other analogues. Thereafter, the anti-angiogenic activity of 22-oxacalcitriol was demonstrated in an ex vivo mouse choroidal fragment sprouting assay. In zebrafish larvae, 22-oxacalcitriol was found to be anti-angiogenic, inducing a dose-dependent reduction in choriocapillaris development. Subcutaneously administered calcitriol failed to attenuate mouse retinal vasculature development. However, calcitriol and 22-oxacalcitriol administered intraperitoneally, significantly attenuated lesion volume in the laser-induced choroidal neovascularisation mouse model. In summary, calcitriol and 22-oxacalcitriol attenuate ex vivo and in vivo choroidal vasculature angiogenesis. Therefore, vitamin D may have potential as an interventional treatment for ophthalmic neovascular indications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||17|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2020|
- Developmental angiogenesis
- Ocular angiogenesis
- Pathological angiogenesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas