Purpose of Review: Age and metabolic disorders result in the accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), oxidative stress, and inflammation, which cumulatively cause a decline in skeletal health. Bone becomes increasingly vulnerable to fractures and its regenerative capacity diminishes under such conditions. With a rapidly aging population in the USA and the global increase in diabetes, efficacious, multi-dimensional therapies that can treat or prevent skeletal diseases associated with metabolic dysfunction and inflammatory disorders are acutely needed. Recent Findings: Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) is a key regulator of nutrient intake, glucose metabolism, insulin production, and adipogenesis. Recent studies suggest a pivotal role for CaMKK2 in bone metabolism, fracture healing, and inflammation. Summary: Aside from rekindling previous concepts of CaMKK2 as a potent regulator of whole-body energy homeostasis, this review emphasizes CaMKK2 as a potential therapeutic target to treat skeletal diseases that underlie metabolic conditions and inflammation.
- Diabetic osteopathy
- Fracture healing
- Skeletal disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism