cAMP-dependent protein kinase, but not the cGMP-dependent enzyme, rapidly phosphorylates delta-CREB, and a synthetic delta-CREB peptide.

J. L. Colbran, Peter Roach, C. J. Fiol, J. E. Dixon, O. M. Andrisani, J. D. Corbin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphorylation of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAK) has been implicated in the cAMP-dependent stimulation of gene transcription. delta-CREB, a spliced variant of CREB, and CREBtide (KRREILSRRPSYR), a synthetic peptide based on the phosphorylation sequence in delta-CREB, were tested as substrates of cAK. Phosphorylation of delta-CREB (0.17 microM) was stoichiometric within 30 s when using a concentration of cAK which approximated the intracellular level (0.2 microM). The rate of phosphorylation of delta-CREB was comparable to the rates of the best physiological substrates of cAK tested. The rate of CREBtide phosphorylation was at least as great as that of delta-CREB, indicating that the peptide retained the determinants of delta-CREB which were responsible for substrate efficacy. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cAK was 3.9 microM, which is 10-fold lower than that of kemptide (Km = 39 microM), the synthetic peptide substrate most often employed for cAK measurement. The Vmax values were 12.4 mumol/(min.mg) for CREBtide and 9.8 mumol/(min.mg) for kemptide. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) was 2.9 microM and the Vmax value was 3.2 mumol/(min.mg). Both delta-CREB and CREBtide were phosphorylated at a much slower rate by cGK as compared with cAK, implying that the high cAK/cGK specificity exhibited by delta-CREB was retained by the peptide. Taken together, the results indicated that delta-CREB and CREBtide are among the best substrates tested for cAK and suggested that phosphorylation of CREB by this enzyme could occur in intact cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1277-1282
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire
Volume70
Issue number10-11
StatePublished - Oct 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Phosphorylation
Peptides
Enzymes
Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
kemptide
Substrates
CREBtide
Protein Subunits
Transcription
Catalytic Domain
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

cAMP-dependent protein kinase, but not the cGMP-dependent enzyme, rapidly phosphorylates delta-CREB, and a synthetic delta-CREB peptide. / Colbran, J. L.; Roach, Peter; Fiol, C. J.; Dixon, J. E.; Andrisani, O. M.; Corbin, J. D.

In: Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire, Vol. 70, No. 10-11, 10.1992, p. 1277-1282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Phosphorylation of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAK) has been implicated in the cAMP-dependent stimulation of gene transcription. delta-CREB, a spliced variant of CREB, and CREBtide (KRREILSRRPSYR), a synthetic peptide based on the phosphorylation sequence in delta-CREB, were tested as substrates of cAK. Phosphorylation of delta-CREB (0.17 microM) was stoichiometric within 30 s when using a concentration of cAK which approximated the intracellular level (0.2 microM). The rate of phosphorylation of delta-CREB was comparable to the rates of the best physiological substrates of cAK tested. The rate of CREBtide phosphorylation was at least as great as that of delta-CREB, indicating that the peptide retained the determinants of delta-CREB which were responsible for substrate efficacy. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cAK was 3.9 microM, which is 10-fold lower than that of kemptide (Km = 39 microM), the synthetic peptide substrate most often employed for cAK measurement. The Vmax values were 12.4 mumol/(min.mg) for CREBtide and 9.8 mumol/(min.mg) for kemptide. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) was 2.9 microM and the Vmax value was 3.2 mumol/(min.mg). Both delta-CREB and CREBtide were phosphorylated at a much slower rate by cGK as compared with cAK, implying that the high cAK/cGK specificity exhibited by delta-CREB was retained by the peptide. Taken together, the results indicated that delta-CREB and CREBtide are among the best substrates tested for cAK and suggested that phosphorylation of CREB by this enzyme could occur in intact cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
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T1 - cAMP-dependent protein kinase, but not the cGMP-dependent enzyme, rapidly phosphorylates delta-CREB, and a synthetic delta-CREB peptide.

AU - Colbran, J. L.

AU - Roach, Peter

AU - Fiol, C. J.

AU - Dixon, J. E.

AU - Andrisani, O. M.

AU - Corbin, J. D.

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N2 - Phosphorylation of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAK) has been implicated in the cAMP-dependent stimulation of gene transcription. delta-CREB, a spliced variant of CREB, and CREBtide (KRREILSRRPSYR), a synthetic peptide based on the phosphorylation sequence in delta-CREB, were tested as substrates of cAK. Phosphorylation of delta-CREB (0.17 microM) was stoichiometric within 30 s when using a concentration of cAK which approximated the intracellular level (0.2 microM). The rate of phosphorylation of delta-CREB was comparable to the rates of the best physiological substrates of cAK tested. The rate of CREBtide phosphorylation was at least as great as that of delta-CREB, indicating that the peptide retained the determinants of delta-CREB which were responsible for substrate efficacy. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cAK was 3.9 microM, which is 10-fold lower than that of kemptide (Km = 39 microM), the synthetic peptide substrate most often employed for cAK measurement. The Vmax values were 12.4 mumol/(min.mg) for CREBtide and 9.8 mumol/(min.mg) for kemptide. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) was 2.9 microM and the Vmax value was 3.2 mumol/(min.mg). Both delta-CREB and CREBtide were phosphorylated at a much slower rate by cGK as compared with cAK, implying that the high cAK/cGK specificity exhibited by delta-CREB was retained by the peptide. Taken together, the results indicated that delta-CREB and CREBtide are among the best substrates tested for cAK and suggested that phosphorylation of CREB by this enzyme could occur in intact cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

AB - Phosphorylation of the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAK) has been implicated in the cAMP-dependent stimulation of gene transcription. delta-CREB, a spliced variant of CREB, and CREBtide (KRREILSRRPSYR), a synthetic peptide based on the phosphorylation sequence in delta-CREB, were tested as substrates of cAK. Phosphorylation of delta-CREB (0.17 microM) was stoichiometric within 30 s when using a concentration of cAK which approximated the intracellular level (0.2 microM). The rate of phosphorylation of delta-CREB was comparable to the rates of the best physiological substrates of cAK tested. The rate of CREBtide phosphorylation was at least as great as that of delta-CREB, indicating that the peptide retained the determinants of delta-CREB which were responsible for substrate efficacy. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cAK was 3.9 microM, which is 10-fold lower than that of kemptide (Km = 39 microM), the synthetic peptide substrate most often employed for cAK measurement. The Vmax values were 12.4 mumol/(min.mg) for CREBtide and 9.8 mumol/(min.mg) for kemptide. The apparent Km of CREBtide phosphorylation by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) was 2.9 microM and the Vmax value was 3.2 mumol/(min.mg). Both delta-CREB and CREBtide were phosphorylated at a much slower rate by cGK as compared with cAK, implying that the high cAK/cGK specificity exhibited by delta-CREB was retained by the peptide. Taken together, the results indicated that delta-CREB and CREBtide are among the best substrates tested for cAK and suggested that phosphorylation of CREB by this enzyme could occur in intact cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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