Can functional parameters from hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetate MRI predict clinical outcomes in patients with cirrhosis?

Kumar Sandrasegaran, Enming Cui, Reem Elkady, Pauley Gasparis, Gitasree Borthakur, Mark Tann, Suthat Liangpunsakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Objectives: To determine the value of quantitative parameters of gadoxetate-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: A cohort of 63 cirrhotic patients who had gadoxetate MRI and 2-year clinical follow-up was enrolled. Enhancement ratio (ER), contrast enhancement index (CEI) and contrast enhancement spleen index (CES) were calculated. The usefulness of these parameters and clinical scores, such as Child-Pugh score (CPS) and model for end stage liver disease (MELD), in predicting adverse outcomes, such as variceal bleeding (VB), hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and mortality at 2 years were evaluated. Results: Fifteen, 31 and 27 patients, respectively, had VB, HE and mortality within 2 years. The ER at 15 min (ER 15) and CES at 20 min (CES 20) were found to be the best MRI predictors. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for predicting VB were 0.785, 0.729, 0.673, 0.714, respectively, for ER 15, CES 20, CPS and MELD scores. ER 15 of less than 48 had sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 84% for predicting onset of HE within 2 years. Conclusions: In patients with cirrhosis, ER 15 or CES 20 were equivalent or better predictors of major morbidity and mortality compared with commonly used clinical scores. Key Points: • Gadoxetate parameters may identify cirrhotic patients at risk of adverse events.• Gadoxetate parameters usually show superior predictive values compared to clinical scores.• CES 20 score is associated with risk of mortality within 2 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 12 2018


  • Gadolinium
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Patient outcome assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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