Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention

Gay J. Canaris, Stephen D. Flach, Thomas G. Tape, Kathyrn M. Stierwalt, David Haggstrom, Robert S. Wigton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. Although microscopic urinalysis (micro UA) is commonly used in clinical practice, and residents are trained in micro UA, proficiency in this procedure has not been studied. Method. In 1996-97, 38 residents in the University of Nebraska Medical Center's internal medicine (IM) residency program were evaluated on their technical ability to perform micro UA, and on their cognitive skills in recognizing common micro UA findings. After identifying deficits in the residents' cognitive competency, two educational interventions were applied and residents were tested after each intervention. Results. A total of 24 residents (63%) correctly prepared the specimen for analysis (the technical portion). On the cognitive portion, only one of the 38 residents correctly identified 80% of all micro UA findings in the urinary sediment, although 11 (29%) residents identified UA findings specific to urinary tract infection (UTI). The first educational intervention did little to improve residents' performance. A second more intensive intervention resulted in 10 (45%) residents identifying 80% of all micro UA findings, and 19 (86%) residents correctly identifying UTI findings. Conclusions. Many residents were not proficient in performing micro UA, even after intensive educational interventions. Although micro UA is a simple procedure, residents' mastery cannot be assumed. Residency programs should assess competency in this procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-529
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume78
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Urinalysis
Internal Medicine
Teaching
medicine
resident
evaluation
Internship and Residency
Urinary Tract Infections
deficit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education

Cite this

Canaris, G. J., Flach, S. D., Tape, T. G., Stierwalt, K. M., Haggstrom, D., & Wigton, R. S. (2003). Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention. Academic Medicine, 78(5), 525-529.

Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention. / Canaris, Gay J.; Flach, Stephen D.; Tape, Thomas G.; Stierwalt, Kathyrn M.; Haggstrom, David; Wigton, Robert S.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 78, No. 5, 01.05.2003, p. 525-529.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Canaris, GJ, Flach, SD, Tape, TG, Stierwalt, KM, Haggstrom, D & Wigton, RS 2003, 'Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention', Academic Medicine, vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 525-529.
Canaris, Gay J. ; Flach, Stephen D. ; Tape, Thomas G. ; Stierwalt, Kathyrn M. ; Haggstrom, David ; Wigton, Robert S. / Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention. In: Academic Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 78, No. 5. pp. 525-529.
@article{73c5356d56bb444f911fbd90d1462ed9,
title = "Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention",
abstract = "Purpose. Although microscopic urinalysis (micro UA) is commonly used in clinical practice, and residents are trained in micro UA, proficiency in this procedure has not been studied. Method. In 1996-97, 38 residents in the University of Nebraska Medical Center's internal medicine (IM) residency program were evaluated on their technical ability to perform micro UA, and on their cognitive skills in recognizing common micro UA findings. After identifying deficits in the residents' cognitive competency, two educational interventions were applied and residents were tested after each intervention. Results. A total of 24 residents (63{\%}) correctly prepared the specimen for analysis (the technical portion). On the cognitive portion, only one of the 38 residents correctly identified 80{\%} of all micro UA findings in the urinary sediment, although 11 (29{\%}) residents identified UA findings specific to urinary tract infection (UTI). The first educational intervention did little to improve residents' performance. A second more intensive intervention resulted in 10 (45{\%}) residents identifying 80{\%} of all micro UA findings, and 19 (86{\%}) residents correctly identifying UTI findings. Conclusions. Many residents were not proficient in performing micro UA, even after intensive educational interventions. Although micro UA is a simple procedure, residents' mastery cannot be assumed. Residency programs should assess competency in this procedure.",
author = "Canaris, {Gay J.} and Flach, {Stephen D.} and Tape, {Thomas G.} and Stierwalt, {Kathyrn M.} and David Haggstrom and Wigton, {Robert S.}",
year = "2003",
month = "5",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "78",
pages = "525--529",
journal = "Academic Medicine",
issn = "1040-2446",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can internal medicine residents master microscopic urinalysis? Results of an evaluation and teaching intervention

AU - Canaris, Gay J.

AU - Flach, Stephen D.

AU - Tape, Thomas G.

AU - Stierwalt, Kathyrn M.

AU - Haggstrom, David

AU - Wigton, Robert S.

PY - 2003/5/1

Y1 - 2003/5/1

N2 - Purpose. Although microscopic urinalysis (micro UA) is commonly used in clinical practice, and residents are trained in micro UA, proficiency in this procedure has not been studied. Method. In 1996-97, 38 residents in the University of Nebraska Medical Center's internal medicine (IM) residency program were evaluated on their technical ability to perform micro UA, and on their cognitive skills in recognizing common micro UA findings. After identifying deficits in the residents' cognitive competency, two educational interventions were applied and residents were tested after each intervention. Results. A total of 24 residents (63%) correctly prepared the specimen for analysis (the technical portion). On the cognitive portion, only one of the 38 residents correctly identified 80% of all micro UA findings in the urinary sediment, although 11 (29%) residents identified UA findings specific to urinary tract infection (UTI). The first educational intervention did little to improve residents' performance. A second more intensive intervention resulted in 10 (45%) residents identifying 80% of all micro UA findings, and 19 (86%) residents correctly identifying UTI findings. Conclusions. Many residents were not proficient in performing micro UA, even after intensive educational interventions. Although micro UA is a simple procedure, residents' mastery cannot be assumed. Residency programs should assess competency in this procedure.

AB - Purpose. Although microscopic urinalysis (micro UA) is commonly used in clinical practice, and residents are trained in micro UA, proficiency in this procedure has not been studied. Method. In 1996-97, 38 residents in the University of Nebraska Medical Center's internal medicine (IM) residency program were evaluated on their technical ability to perform micro UA, and on their cognitive skills in recognizing common micro UA findings. After identifying deficits in the residents' cognitive competency, two educational interventions were applied and residents were tested after each intervention. Results. A total of 24 residents (63%) correctly prepared the specimen for analysis (the technical portion). On the cognitive portion, only one of the 38 residents correctly identified 80% of all micro UA findings in the urinary sediment, although 11 (29%) residents identified UA findings specific to urinary tract infection (UTI). The first educational intervention did little to improve residents' performance. A second more intensive intervention resulted in 10 (45%) residents identifying 80% of all micro UA findings, and 19 (86%) residents correctly identifying UTI findings. Conclusions. Many residents were not proficient in performing micro UA, even after intensive educational interventions. Although micro UA is a simple procedure, residents' mastery cannot be assumed. Residency programs should assess competency in this procedure.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038631866&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038631866&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12742791

AN - SCOPUS:0038631866

VL - 78

SP - 525

EP - 529

JO - Academic Medicine

JF - Academic Medicine

SN - 1040-2446

IS - 5

ER -