Caries experience and treatment needs in a 6- to 12-year-old urban population in relation to socio-economic status

Maria Esther Irigoyen, Gerardo Maupomé, Adriana Marcela Mejía

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To report caries experience in the permanent dentition among Mexico City elementary school children and undertakes a comparative analysis of dental caries experience and treatment needs of children of different socio-economic status (SES). Research design: SES was established according to an official measure of economic well-being, that of the family income being high enough to allow the child to attend school in a private institution as opposed to a public school. Participants: A probabilistic sample of 4,048 6- to12-year-old children (47.2% females) was examined using the 1987 WHO caries criteria (546 attended private schools and 3,502 were public school children). Results: The proportion of caries-free 12-year-old children was 28.6% and 9.5% in the private and public schools, respectively (P<0.01). In 12-year-old children, DMFT was 2.78 (SD 2.9) and 4.64 (SD 3.2) in the private and public school groups, respectively (P<0.001). Higher treatment needs were found among public schoolchildren (TN=83.0%) compared with private schoolchildren (TN=27.6%) (P<0.001). Conclusions: Dental caries and treatment needs were considerably higher in children of lower SES. Differences in dietary patterns and toothpaste use could be the more likely explanations for these findings, indicating markedly unequal burdens of disease according to socio-economic status. Special efforts should be developed to improve the oral health status in Mexico City children by implementing preventive health promotion and treatment programmes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-249
Number of pages5
JournalCommunity dental health
Volume16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Fingerprint

Urban Population
Economics
Therapeutics
Permanent Dentition
Dental Caries
Mexico
Research Design

Keywords

  • Caries
  • Epidemiology
  • Mexico
  • Socio-economic status
  • Treatment needs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Caries experience and treatment needs in a 6- to 12-year-old urban population in relation to socio-economic status. / Irigoyen, Maria Esther; Maupomé, Gerardo; Mejía, Adriana Marcela.

In: Community dental health, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.12.1999, p. 245-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1513bcbd972641778b2400f41d343618,
title = "Caries experience and treatment needs in a 6- to 12-year-old urban population in relation to socio-economic status",
abstract = "Objective: To report caries experience in the permanent dentition among Mexico City elementary school children and undertakes a comparative analysis of dental caries experience and treatment needs of children of different socio-economic status (SES). Research design: SES was established according to an official measure of economic well-being, that of the family income being high enough to allow the child to attend school in a private institution as opposed to a public school. Participants: A probabilistic sample of 4,048 6- to12-year-old children (47.2{\%} females) was examined using the 1987 WHO caries criteria (546 attended private schools and 3,502 were public school children). Results: The proportion of caries-free 12-year-old children was 28.6{\%} and 9.5{\%} in the private and public schools, respectively (P<0.01). In 12-year-old children, DMFT was 2.78 (SD 2.9) and 4.64 (SD 3.2) in the private and public school groups, respectively (P<0.001). Higher treatment needs were found among public schoolchildren (TN=83.0{\%}) compared with private schoolchildren (TN=27.6{\%}) (P<0.001). Conclusions: Dental caries and treatment needs were considerably higher in children of lower SES. Differences in dietary patterns and toothpaste use could be the more likely explanations for these findings, indicating markedly unequal burdens of disease according to socio-economic status. Special efforts should be developed to improve the oral health status in Mexico City children by implementing preventive health promotion and treatment programmes.",
keywords = "Caries, Epidemiology, Mexico, Socio-economic status, Treatment needs",
author = "Irigoyen, {Maria Esther} and Gerardo Maupom{\'e} and Mej{\'i}a, {Adriana Marcela}",
year = "1999",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "245--249",
journal = "Community Dental Health",
issn = "0265-539X",
publisher = "FDI World Dental Press Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Caries experience and treatment needs in a 6- to 12-year-old urban population in relation to socio-economic status

AU - Irigoyen, Maria Esther

AU - Maupomé, Gerardo

AU - Mejía, Adriana Marcela

PY - 1999/12/1

Y1 - 1999/12/1

N2 - Objective: To report caries experience in the permanent dentition among Mexico City elementary school children and undertakes a comparative analysis of dental caries experience and treatment needs of children of different socio-economic status (SES). Research design: SES was established according to an official measure of economic well-being, that of the family income being high enough to allow the child to attend school in a private institution as opposed to a public school. Participants: A probabilistic sample of 4,048 6- to12-year-old children (47.2% females) was examined using the 1987 WHO caries criteria (546 attended private schools and 3,502 were public school children). Results: The proportion of caries-free 12-year-old children was 28.6% and 9.5% in the private and public schools, respectively (P<0.01). In 12-year-old children, DMFT was 2.78 (SD 2.9) and 4.64 (SD 3.2) in the private and public school groups, respectively (P<0.001). Higher treatment needs were found among public schoolchildren (TN=83.0%) compared with private schoolchildren (TN=27.6%) (P<0.001). Conclusions: Dental caries and treatment needs were considerably higher in children of lower SES. Differences in dietary patterns and toothpaste use could be the more likely explanations for these findings, indicating markedly unequal burdens of disease according to socio-economic status. Special efforts should be developed to improve the oral health status in Mexico City children by implementing preventive health promotion and treatment programmes.

AB - Objective: To report caries experience in the permanent dentition among Mexico City elementary school children and undertakes a comparative analysis of dental caries experience and treatment needs of children of different socio-economic status (SES). Research design: SES was established according to an official measure of economic well-being, that of the family income being high enough to allow the child to attend school in a private institution as opposed to a public school. Participants: A probabilistic sample of 4,048 6- to12-year-old children (47.2% females) was examined using the 1987 WHO caries criteria (546 attended private schools and 3,502 were public school children). Results: The proportion of caries-free 12-year-old children was 28.6% and 9.5% in the private and public schools, respectively (P<0.01). In 12-year-old children, DMFT was 2.78 (SD 2.9) and 4.64 (SD 3.2) in the private and public school groups, respectively (P<0.001). Higher treatment needs were found among public schoolchildren (TN=83.0%) compared with private schoolchildren (TN=27.6%) (P<0.001). Conclusions: Dental caries and treatment needs were considerably higher in children of lower SES. Differences in dietary patterns and toothpaste use could be the more likely explanations for these findings, indicating markedly unequal burdens of disease according to socio-economic status. Special efforts should be developed to improve the oral health status in Mexico City children by implementing preventive health promotion and treatment programmes.

KW - Caries

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Mexico

KW - Socio-economic status

KW - Treatment needs

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033255512&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033255512&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10665179

AN - SCOPUS:0033255512

VL - 16

SP - 245

EP - 249

JO - Community Dental Health

JF - Community Dental Health

SN - 0265-539X

IS - 4

ER -