We have described previously a disulfide-bonded 550,000-D cartilage matrix glycoprotein (CMGP), which is found in normal hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and the vitreous of the eye, and consists of subunits with apparent molecular weights of 130,000 in 4% gels (116,000 in 9% gels). In osteoarthritic cartilage from dogs subjected to transection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), CMGP is cleaved to major immunoreactive fragments with apparent molecular weights of 65,000 and 75,000 after reduction with 2-mercaptoethanol. In the present study, using immunolocation analysis, a monoclonal antibody to CMGP did not react with serum from 8 of 12 dogs before ACL transection but did react with serum from seven of these animals 4 wk after surgery and with serum from 10 dogs at sacrifice, 8-14 wk after ACL transection. Serum from four dogs reacted with the monoclonal antibody before ACL transection. Serum from two dogs was negative at all time points. Immunolocation studies using a polyclonal antiserum to CMGP were performed in seven of these dogs and produced results identical with the monoclonal antibody in four dogs. In contrast, analysis of serial serum samples from these three dogs with cartilage atrophy revealed no evidence of CMGP at any time point. These data suggest that CMGP may be a serum marker for osteoarthritis in this canine model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas