Case Volume-to-Outcome Relationship in Minimally Invasive Esophagogastrectomy

Hai Salfity, Lava Timsina, Katherine Su, Duy Khanh Ceppa, Thomas Birdas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Outcomes after open esophagogastrectomy (OE) have been shown to depend on institution case volume. We aim to determine whether a similar relationship exists for minimally invasive esophagogastrectomy (MIE). Methods: Patients who had OE or MIE (excluding robotic procedures) between 2010 and 2013 in the National Cancer Database were included. Outcomes included 30-day and 90-day mortality, length of stay, hospital readmission, margin positivity, and number of lymph nodes harvested. Logistic and linear regression were used to adjust for possible confounders including age, sex, tumor size, Charlson score, induction therapy, and type of institution (academic versus community based). Results: We identified 2371 patients in the MIE group and 6285 patients in the OE group. In multivariate analysis, high case volume was an independent predictor for lower 30-day mortality and 90-day mortality, shorter length of stay, and higher rate of negative-margin resection in OE (P < .001) but not in MIE. After quartile ranking of institutions based on volume, MIE outcomes were found to be better in institutions in the highest volume quartile compared with those in the lowest (P < .001). Conclusions: In this dataset, MIE postoperative outcomes, unlike OE postoperative outcomes, did not correlate with hospital case volume. Volume-outcome relationships may be affected by surgical approach. The effect of case volume on long-term outcomes after MIE warrants further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1491-1497
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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