Causes of dental erosion: Extrinsic factors

Anderson Hara, Joana C. Carvalho, Domenick Zero

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Scopus citations


In this chapter, relevant aspects related to the extrinsic causes of dental erosion are addressed, reviewing the existing literature under the following main topics: diet, medications/oral care products, and environmental factors. In addition, lifestyle and behavioral aspects that modulate extrinsic erosion are presented. A wide range of evidence ranging from laboratory tests to clinical trials is available to support the association between extrinsic erosive agents and dental erosion. Relevant dietary factors include a wide range of acidic foods and beverages, although supplementation, especially with calcium compounds, can reduce or eliminate the erosive potential. Medications of acidic nature seem also to pose a risk, as well as some oral care products. Environmental factors have been reported and affect specific target populations, with stronger evidence related to battery and galvanizing workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDental Erosion and Its Clinical Management
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9783319139937, 9783319139920
StatePublished - Oct 28 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Hara, A., Carvalho, J. C., & Zero, D. (2015). Causes of dental erosion: Extrinsic factors. In Dental Erosion and Its Clinical Management (pp. 69-96). Springer International Publishing.