Cavum septum pellucidum in schizophrenia: Clinical and neuropsychological correlates

Laura A. Flashman, Robert M. Roth, Heather S. Pixley, Howard B. Cleavinger, Thomas W. McAllister, Robert Vidaver, Andrew J. Saykin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increased frequency of cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) has been inconsistently observed in schizophrenia, and little is known about its functional implications. We investigated whether patients with schizophrenia were more likely than healthy controls to have CSP, and among patients assessed the relationship between CSP, psychiatric symptoms, and selected neuropsychological functions. Seventy-seven patients with diagnoses of DSM-IV schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 55 healthy controls were studied and completed a 1.5 T MRI scan. Two raters, blind to group membership, determined the presence, length and grade of the CSP. A subset of participants also underwent neuropsychological testing. A CSP of at least 1 mm in length was present in 68.8% of patients and 76.4% of controls, and the groups did not differ significantly with respect to presence or absence, length, overall size, or percent with an abnormally large CSP (≥ 6 mm). Patients with an abnormally large CSP demonstrated poorer performance on measures of verbal learning and memory than patients with smaller CSP. Among patients, CSP length was significantly correlated with negative symptoms, verbal learning, and sentence comprehension. Among patients with abnormally large CSP, CSP length was correlated with reaction time on two conditions of a Continuous Performance Test. CSP, while prevalent, was not more frequent in our sample of patients with schizophrenia, and had few associations with symptom severity or neuropsychological deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Research - Neuroimaging
Volume154
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cavum Septum Pellucidum
  • MRI
  • Neuropsychology
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Flashman, L. A., Roth, R. M., Pixley, H. S., Cleavinger, H. B., McAllister, T. W., Vidaver, R., & Saykin, A. J. (2007). Cavum septum pellucidum in schizophrenia: Clinical and neuropsychological correlates. Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging, 154(2), 147-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2006.09.001