CDC55, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene involved in cellular morphogenesis: Identification, characterization, and homology to the B subunit of mammalian type 2A protein phosphatase

Annette M. Healy, Stanislaw Zolnierowicz, Ann E. Stapleton, Mark Goebl, Anna De Paoli-Roach, John R. Pringle

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Abstract

Microscopic screening of a collection of cold-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae led to the identification of a new gene, CDC55, which appears to be involved in the morphogenetic events of the cell cycle. CDC55 maps between CDC43 and CHC1 on the left arm of chromosome VII. At restrictive temperature, the original cdc55 mutant produces abnormally elongated buds and displays a delay or partial block of septation and/or cell separation. A cdcSS deletion mutant displays a cold-sensitive phenotype like that of the original isolate. Sequencing of CDC55 revealed that it encodes a protein of about 60 kDa, as confirmed by Western immunoblots using Cdc55p-specific antibodies. This protein has >50% sequence identity to the B subunits of rabbit skeletal muscle type 2A protein phosphatase; the latter sequences were obtained by analysis of peptides derived from the purified protein, a polymerase chain reaction product, and cDNA clones. An extragenic suppressor of the cdc55 mutation lies in BEM2, a gene previously identified on the basis of an apparent role in bud emergence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5767-5780
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume11
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1991

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Protein Phosphatase 2
Morphogenesis
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Genetic Suppression
Genes
Proteins
Muscle Proteins
Cell Separation
Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
Cell Cycle
Skeletal Muscle
Complementary DNA
Clone Cells
Chromosomes
Western Blotting
Rabbits
Phenotype
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Peptides
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

CDC55, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene involved in cellular morphogenesis : Identification, characterization, and homology to the B subunit of mammalian type 2A protein phosphatase. / Healy, Annette M.; Zolnierowicz, Stanislaw; Stapleton, Ann E.; Goebl, Mark; De Paoli-Roach, Anna; Pringle, John R.

In: Molecular and Cellular Biology, Vol. 11, No. 11, 11.1991, p. 5767-5780.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Microscopic screening of a collection of cold-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae led to the identification of a new gene, CDC55, which appears to be involved in the morphogenetic events of the cell cycle. CDC55 maps between CDC43 and CHC1 on the left arm of chromosome VII. At restrictive temperature, the original cdc55 mutant produces abnormally elongated buds and displays a delay or partial block of septation and/or cell separation. A cdcSS deletion mutant displays a cold-sensitive phenotype like that of the original isolate. Sequencing of CDC55 revealed that it encodes a protein of about 60 kDa, as confirmed by Western immunoblots using Cdc55p-specific antibodies. This protein has >50{\%} sequence identity to the B subunits of rabbit skeletal muscle type 2A protein phosphatase; the latter sequences were obtained by analysis of peptides derived from the purified protein, a polymerase chain reaction product, and cDNA clones. An extragenic suppressor of the cdc55 mutation lies in BEM2, a gene previously identified on the basis of an apparent role in bud emergence.",
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