cDNA Cloning of the E1α Subunit of the Branshed‐Chain α‐Keto Acid Dehydrogenase and Elucidation of a Molecular Basis for Maple Syrup Urine Disease

BEI ZHANG, MARTHA J. KUNTZ, GARY W. GOODWIN, HOWARD J. EDENBERG, DAVID W. CRABB, ROBERT A. HARRIS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have cloned cDNAs encoding human and rat liver BCKDH E1α subunits and deduced the primary structure of the mature protein. The sequences of the cDNA and protein are highly conserved between the two species. Significant sequence similarity has also been found between human BCKDH and PDH E1α subunits. We have studied the molecular basis of MSUD by determining the enzyme activity and levels of BCKDH protein and mRNA, and by enzymatic amplification and sequencing of BCKDH E1α-specific mRNA, from an MSUD patient and his parents. Different mutant alleles were identified in the two parents. The patient was a compound heterozygote, inheriting an allele encoding an abnormal E1α from the father and an allele containing a defect in regulation from the mother. Our results demonstrate that a case of MSUD was caused by structural and regulatory mutations involving the E1α subunit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-136
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume573
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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