C/EBPα is an essential collaborator in Hoxa9/Meis1-mediated leukemogenesis

Cailin Collins, Jingya Wang, Hongzhi Miao, Joel Bronstein, Humaira Nawer, Tao Xu, Maria Figueroa, Andrew G. Muntean, Jay Hess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Homeobox A9 (HOXA9) is a homeodomain-containing transcription factor that plays a key role in hematopoietic stem cell expansion and is commonly deregulated in human acute leukemias. A variety of upstream genetic alterations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) lead to overexpression of HOXA9, almost always in association with overexpression of its cofactormeis homeobox 1 (MEIS1). A wide range of data suggests that HOXA9 and MEIS1 play a synergistic causative role in AML, although the molecular mechanisms leading to transformation by HOXA9 and MEIS1 remain elusive. In this study, we identify CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) as a critical collaborator required for Hoxa9/Meis1-mediated leukemogenesis. We show that C/EBPα is required for the proliferation of Hoxa9/Meis1-transformed cells in culture and that loss of C/EBPα greatly improves survival in both primary and secondary murine models of Hoxa9/Meis1-induced leukemia. Over 50% of Hoxa9 genome-wide binding sites are cobound by C/EBPα, which coregulates a number of downstream target genes involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. Finally, we show that Hoxa9 represses the locus of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors Cdkn2a/b in concert with C/EBPα to overcome a block in G1 cell cycle progression. Together, our results suggest a previously unidentified role for C/EBPα in maintaining the proliferation required for Hoxa9/Meis1-mediated leukemogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9899-9904
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2014

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CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha
Homeobox Genes
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Leukemia
Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Cell Differentiation
Cell Cycle
Transcription Factors
Cell Culture Techniques
Binding Sites
Cell Proliferation
Genome
Survival
Genes

Keywords

  • Enhancer
  • Gene regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

C/EBPα is an essential collaborator in Hoxa9/Meis1-mediated leukemogenesis. / Collins, Cailin; Wang, Jingya; Miao, Hongzhi; Bronstein, Joel; Nawer, Humaira; Xu, Tao; Figueroa, Maria; Muntean, Andrew G.; Hess, Jay.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 111, No. 27, 08.07.2014, p. 9899-9904.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Collins, Cailin ; Wang, Jingya ; Miao, Hongzhi ; Bronstein, Joel ; Nawer, Humaira ; Xu, Tao ; Figueroa, Maria ; Muntean, Andrew G. ; Hess, Jay. / C/EBPα is an essential collaborator in Hoxa9/Meis1-mediated leukemogenesis. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2014 ; Vol. 111, No. 27. pp. 9899-9904.
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