Central nervous system infections in the critically ill patient

Hans Walter Pfister, Karen Roos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Experiments in animal models and cell culture systems have substantially improved our understanding of the complex pathophysiologic mechanisms of bacterial meningitis. Some studies have given new insights into the molecular mechanisms of the interactions of bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli) and cells making up the blood-brain barrier. There is increasing evidence that nitric oxide and excitatory amino acids are involved as mediators in the pathophysiology of bacterial meningitis, offering hope for new targets in adjunctive therapeutic strategies in this disease. Polymerase chain reaction on the cerebrospinal fluid is a rapid, specific method that has been shown to be useful for early diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. Central nervous system toxoplasmosis is the most common cause of subacute focal encephalopathy in AIDS, which can be effectively treated with pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Critical Care
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997

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Central Nervous System Infections
Bacterial Meningitides
Critical Illness
Cerebral Toxoplasmosis
AIDS Dementia Complex
Sulfadiazine
Pyrimethamine
Meningeal Tuberculosis
Excitatory Amino Acids
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Blood-Brain Barrier
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Early Diagnosis
Nitric Oxide
Animal Models
Cell Culture Techniques
Escherichia coli
Bacteria
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Central nervous system infections in the critically ill patient. / Pfister, Hans Walter; Roos, Karen.

In: Current Opinion in Critical Care, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1997, p. 121-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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