Cephalometric evaluation of nongrowing females with skeletal and dental class II, division 1 malocclusion

M. Özgür Sayin, Hakan Türkkahraman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Studies evaluating maxillary and mandibular skeletal and dental positions and the vertical components of Class II patients have reported conflicting results. In addition, no common results have been found regarding cranial base configurations. However, few studies have evaluated nongrowing subjects. The aim of this study was to establish whether patients with skeletal and dental Class II division 1 malocclusion have specific craniofacial features. For this, 40 non-growing females were evaluated cephalometrically. Wide variations were observed for almost all measurements of Class II division 1 patients. However, a posteriorly positioned and rotated mandible, protrusive mandibular incisors, and an increased cranial base angle were all mean characteristics of Class II division 1 patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)656-660
Number of pages5
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005



  • Cephalometric evaluation
  • Class II division 1 malocclusion
  • Nongrowing females

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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