Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes

A Meta-Analysis

M. Robin DiMatteo, Heidi S. Lepper, Teresa Damush, Sally C. Morton, Maureen F. Carney, Marjorie Pearson, Katherine L. Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive literature review with meta-analysis examines the differences between vaginal and cesarean delivery on 23 psychosocial outcomes of childbirth. The most robust findings suggest that cesarean mothers, compared with mothers who delivered vaginally, expressed less immediate and long-term satisfaction with the birth, were less likely ever to breast-feed, experienced a much longer time to first interaction with their infants, had less positive reactions to them after birth, and interacted less with them at home. Some differences were also found between unplanned and planned cesarean sections; none were found between birthing methods for maternal confidence for infant caretaking soon after birth, maternal anxiety in the hospital and at home, maternal stress at home, maternal return to work, and continuation of breast-feeding once begun. Implications of these findings for theory, research, and childbirth practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-314
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume15
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Meta-Analysis
Mothers
Parturition
Return to Work
Breast Feeding
Cesarean Section
Breast
Anxiety
Research

Keywords

  • Cesarean
  • Childbirth method
  • Meta-analysis
  • Psychosocial outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

DiMatteo, M. R., Lepper, H. S., Damush, T., Morton, S. C., Carney, M. F., Pearson, M., & Kahn, K. L. (1996). Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis. Health Psychology, 15(4), 303-314.

Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes : A Meta-Analysis. / DiMatteo, M. Robin; Lepper, Heidi S.; Damush, Teresa; Morton, Sally C.; Carney, Maureen F.; Pearson, Marjorie; Kahn, Katherine L.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 4, 07.1996, p. 303-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DiMatteo, MR, Lepper, HS, Damush, T, Morton, SC, Carney, MF, Pearson, M & Kahn, KL 1996, 'Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis', Health Psychology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 303-314.
DiMatteo MR, Lepper HS, Damush T, Morton SC, Carney MF, Pearson M et al. Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis. Health Psychology. 1996 Jul;15(4):303-314.
DiMatteo, M. Robin ; Lepper, Heidi S. ; Damush, Teresa ; Morton, Sally C. ; Carney, Maureen F. ; Pearson, Marjorie ; Kahn, Katherine L. / Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes : A Meta-Analysis. In: Health Psychology. 1996 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 303-314.
@article{38a843c58b2d4427b39a6527afb5b98f,
title = "Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis",
abstract = "A comprehensive literature review with meta-analysis examines the differences between vaginal and cesarean delivery on 23 psychosocial outcomes of childbirth. The most robust findings suggest that cesarean mothers, compared with mothers who delivered vaginally, expressed less immediate and long-term satisfaction with the birth, were less likely ever to breast-feed, experienced a much longer time to first interaction with their infants, had less positive reactions to them after birth, and interacted less with them at home. Some differences were also found between unplanned and planned cesarean sections; none were found between birthing methods for maternal confidence for infant caretaking soon after birth, maternal anxiety in the hospital and at home, maternal stress at home, maternal return to work, and continuation of breast-feeding once begun. Implications of these findings for theory, research, and childbirth practice are discussed.",
keywords = "Cesarean, Childbirth method, Meta-analysis, Psychosocial outcomes",
author = "DiMatteo, {M. Robin} and Lepper, {Heidi S.} and Teresa Damush and Morton, {Sally C.} and Carney, {Maureen F.} and Marjorie Pearson and Kahn, {Katherine L.}",
year = "1996",
month = "7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "303--314",
journal = "Health Psychology",
issn = "0278-6133",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cesarean Childbirth and Psychosocial Outcomes

T2 - A Meta-Analysis

AU - DiMatteo, M. Robin

AU - Lepper, Heidi S.

AU - Damush, Teresa

AU - Morton, Sally C.

AU - Carney, Maureen F.

AU - Pearson, Marjorie

AU - Kahn, Katherine L.

PY - 1996/7

Y1 - 1996/7

N2 - A comprehensive literature review with meta-analysis examines the differences between vaginal and cesarean delivery on 23 psychosocial outcomes of childbirth. The most robust findings suggest that cesarean mothers, compared with mothers who delivered vaginally, expressed less immediate and long-term satisfaction with the birth, were less likely ever to breast-feed, experienced a much longer time to first interaction with their infants, had less positive reactions to them after birth, and interacted less with them at home. Some differences were also found between unplanned and planned cesarean sections; none were found between birthing methods for maternal confidence for infant caretaking soon after birth, maternal anxiety in the hospital and at home, maternal stress at home, maternal return to work, and continuation of breast-feeding once begun. Implications of these findings for theory, research, and childbirth practice are discussed.

AB - A comprehensive literature review with meta-analysis examines the differences between vaginal and cesarean delivery on 23 psychosocial outcomes of childbirth. The most robust findings suggest that cesarean mothers, compared with mothers who delivered vaginally, expressed less immediate and long-term satisfaction with the birth, were less likely ever to breast-feed, experienced a much longer time to first interaction with their infants, had less positive reactions to them after birth, and interacted less with them at home. Some differences were also found between unplanned and planned cesarean sections; none were found between birthing methods for maternal confidence for infant caretaking soon after birth, maternal anxiety in the hospital and at home, maternal stress at home, maternal return to work, and continuation of breast-feeding once begun. Implications of these findings for theory, research, and childbirth practice are discussed.

KW - Cesarean

KW - Childbirth method

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Psychosocial outcomes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030179934&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030179934&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 303

EP - 314

JO - Health Psychology

JF - Health Psychology

SN - 0278-6133

IS - 4

ER -