Challenges for Providing Effective Hemostasis in Surgery and Trauma

Jeffrey H. Lawson, Michael P. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascular injury, whether surgical or traumatic, triggers a complex series of regulatory events. The understanding of these events, their interdependence, and their effect on hemostasis and thrombosis, is slowly being unraveled. The current understanding of these processes is reviewed in this paper. The application of this knowledge to the operating theatre has been slow and is severely limited by the lack of effective tools to monitor the coagulopathic status of individual patients. Hence, the initial treatment of patients with severe hemorrhage relles on improving the patient's physiological status and on basic surgical techniques. Should these efforts fall, then a number of topical hemostatic agents, selective inhibitors of fibrinolysis, and procoagulant molecules, such as recombinant factor VIIa, may be utilized. However, many of these agents have not yet been tested in clinical trials and studies are urgently needed to determine efficacy, safety, optimal dosage and time of administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in Hematology
Volume41
Issue number1 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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