The buoyant density of Escherichia coli was shown to be related to the osmolarity of the growth medium. This was true whether the osmolarity was adjusted with either NaCl or sucrose. When cells were grown at one osmolarity and shocked to another osmolarity, their buoyant density adjusted to nearly suit the new osmolarity. When cells were subjected to hyperosmotic shock, they became denser than expected. When cells were subjected to hypoosmotic shock they occasionally undershot the new projected density, but the undershoot was not as dramatic as the overshoot seen with hyperosmotic shocks. Shrinkage and swelling of the cells in response to osmotic shocks could account for the change in their buoyant density. The changes in cell size after osmotic shocks were measured by two independent methods. The first method measured cell size with a Coulter Counter, and the second method measured cell size by stereologic analysis of Nomarski light micrographs. Both methods gave qualitatively similar results and showed the cells to be flexible. The maximum swelling recorded was 23% of the original cell volume, while the maximum shrinkage observed was 33%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology