Characteristics of a dedicated linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery-radiotherapy unit

Indra J. Das, M. Beverly Downes, Benjamin W. Corn, Walter J. Curran, M. Werner-Wasik, David W. Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stereotactic radiosurgery and radiotherapy (SRS/SRT) system on a dedicated Varian Clinac-600SR linear accelerator with Brown-Roberts-Wells and Gill-Thomas-Cosman relocatable frames along with the Radionics (RSA) planning system is evaluated. The Clinac-600SR has a single 6-MV beam with the same beam characteristics as that of the mother unit, the Clinac-600C. The primary collimator is a fixed cone projecting to a 10-cm diameter at isocenter. The secondary collimator is a heavily shielded cylindrical collimator attached to the face plate of the primary collimator. The tertiary collimation consists of the actual treatment cones. The cone sizes vary from 12.5 to 40.0 mm diameter. The mechanical stability of the entire system was verified. The variations in isocenter position with table, gantry, and collimator rotation were found to be <0.5 mm with a compounded accuracy of ≤1.0 mm. The radiation leakage under the cones was < 1% measured at a depth of 5 cm in a phantom. The beam profiles of all cones in the x and y directions were within ±0.5 mm and match with the physical size of the cone. The dosimetric data such as tissue maximum ratio, off-axis ratio, and cone factor were taken using film, diamond detector, and ion chambers. The mechanical and dosimetric characteristics including dose linearity of this unit are presented and found to be suitable for SRS/SRT. The difficulty in absolute dose measurement for small cone is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996

Keywords

  • Diamond detector
  • Linear accelerator
  • Small field dosimetry
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Stereotactic radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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