Characteristics of volunteers responding to emergencies in the Public Access Defibrillation Trial

William J. Groh, Alice Birnbaum, Anne Barry, Andy Anton, N. Clay Mann, Mary A. Peberdy, Kris Vijayaraghavan, Judy Powell, Vincent N. Mosesso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


Objectives: To evaluate the characteristics of volunteers responding to emergencies in the North American Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) Trial. Methods: The PAD Trial was a prospective evaluation of cardiac arrest survival in community facilities randomized to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or to CPR with automated external defibrillators (AEDs). The PAD volunteers' characteristics were analyzed using Poisson regression clustered on the facility and offset by the number of emergency episodes to which volunteers were exposed. Results: A total of 19,320 volunteers in 1260 facilities were trained to provide emergency care. Of these, 8169 volunteers were participating actively at their facility during a time when one or more emergency episodes occurred. There were 1971 emergency episodes responded to by 1245 volunteers. The treatment arm (CPR-only versus CPR + AED) was not associated with the likelihood of volunteer participation in an episode. Likewise, the volunteers' age or sex did not affect response. Volunteers more likely to respond were supervisory/management or security personnel, non-minority participants, volunteers with previous CPR training, volunteers with previous experience in emergency care and those who passed the PAD CPR skills follow-up test. Volunteers who had a formal education beyond a high school level were less likely to respond. Conclusions: Volunteers with previous emergency training and positions of responsibility in their facility had a greater likelihood of participation in medical emergencies in the PAD Trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007



  • Automated external defibrillators
  • Defibrillation
  • Heart arrest
  • Resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Groh, W. J., Birnbaum, A., Barry, A., Anton, A., Mann, N. C., Peberdy, M. A., Vijayaraghavan, K., Powell, J., & Mosesso, V. N. (2007). Characteristics of volunteers responding to emergencies in the Public Access Defibrillation Trial. Resuscitation, 72(2), 193-199.