Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a growth factor involved in regulating lymphopoiesis. We have chosen to study the signal transduction pathway of IL-7 in normal human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Two early events that occur as a consequence of specific ligand-receptor interaction were examined: activation of protein tyrosine kinases and induction of primary response gene expression. Following treatment of human peripheral blood T cells with IL-7, four cellular proteins with relative molecular weights of 95- (doublet), 105-, and 130-kd were rapidly tyrosine phosphorylated as detected by immunoblotting with an antiphosphotyrosine monoclonal antibody (MAB). The 105-kd tyrosine-phosphorylated protein was membrane-associated after IL-7 stimulation. Treatment of human peripheral blood T cells with IL-7 enhanced expression of the primary response gene c-myc approximately three-fold, as detected by Northern blotting, in the presence or absence of protein synthesis. The rate of c-myc gene transcription increased in the presence of IL-7 and could account for the observed elevation of c-myc RNA levels. In addition, IL-7 treatment induced a slight increase in c-myc message stability. Experiments performed with the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein and the serine-threonine kinase inhibitor 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methyl-piperazine (H-7) demonstrated that these kinases were required for IL-7 enhancement of c-myc expression. Treatment with tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA), a potent activator of protein kinase C (PKC), in combination with IL-7 induced a level of c-myc expression greater than that elicited by either factor alone, suggesting that TPA and IL-7 utilize cooperative signaling pathways to increase c-myc gene expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1993|
- Tyrosine phosphorylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Cell Biology