Charge modification in rodent hepatic Grp78/BiP following exposure to structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators.

Frank Witzmann, B. M. Jarnot, J. W. Clack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This investigation was conducted to determine the comparative effect of structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators (PP) on the two-dimensional protein pattern of rat liver whole homogenates. Perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), clofibrate, and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP) are all known to cause the proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes and the induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidative and microsomal omega-oxidative enzymes. To detect potential differences between these compounds with regard to the liver, we examined the unique patterns of protein alteration produced by in vivo exposure to them. Following exposure to various doses, whole liver homogenates were prepared and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) using the ISO-DALT System. Stained gels were digitized and protein patterns analyzed using the Kepler 2D Gel Analysis System. Immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (BiP), also known as 78 kD glucose regulated protein (Grp78), was identified immunologically and by comigration of recombinant Grp78. BiP is a luminal endoplasmic reticular (ER) protein that functions in the assembly and folding of nascent proteins as they enter the ER. The present results suggest a selective posttranslational modification of BiP following PFDA exposure. Single-dose exposure to PFDA was associated with a notable charge-modification of BiP that persists up to 30 days. PFOA, clofibrate, and DEHP had less effect in this regard. Our data suggest the likely nature of this PFDA-associated protein modification is associated with protein-phosphorylation. These results document the unique nature of PFDA's hepatotoxicity with respect to classic peroxisome proliferators and support the utility of 2D gel analysis in toxicity testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalApplied and theoretical electrophoresis : the official journal of the International Electrophoresis Society
Volume4
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peroxisome Proliferators
Rodentia
Clofibrate
Carrier Proteins
Proteins
Liver
Gels
Peroxisomes
Protein Folding
Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
Post Translational Protein Processing
hepatic sialoglycoprotein receptor
Phosphorylation
perfluorodecanoic acid
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Charge modification in rodent hepatic Grp78/BiP following exposure to structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators.",
abstract = "This investigation was conducted to determine the comparative effect of structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators (PP) on the two-dimensional protein pattern of rat liver whole homogenates. Perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), clofibrate, and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP) are all known to cause the proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes and the induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidative and microsomal omega-oxidative enzymes. To detect potential differences between these compounds with regard to the liver, we examined the unique patterns of protein alteration produced by in vivo exposure to them. Following exposure to various doses, whole liver homogenates were prepared and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) using the ISO-DALT System. Stained gels were digitized and protein patterns analyzed using the Kepler 2D Gel Analysis System. Immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (BiP), also known as 78 kD glucose regulated protein (Grp78), was identified immunologically and by comigration of recombinant Grp78. BiP is a luminal endoplasmic reticular (ER) protein that functions in the assembly and folding of nascent proteins as they enter the ER. The present results suggest a selective posttranslational modification of BiP following PFDA exposure. Single-dose exposure to PFDA was associated with a notable charge-modification of BiP that persists up to 30 days. PFOA, clofibrate, and DEHP had less effect in this regard. Our data suggest the likely nature of this PFDA-associated protein modification is associated with protein-phosphorylation. These results document the unique nature of PFDA's hepatotoxicity with respect to classic peroxisome proliferators and support the utility of 2D gel analysis in toxicity testing.",
author = "Frank Witzmann and Jarnot, {B. M.} and Clack, {J. W.}",
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T1 - Charge modification in rodent hepatic Grp78/BiP following exposure to structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators.

AU - Witzmann, Frank

AU - Jarnot, B. M.

AU - Clack, J. W.

PY - 1994

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N2 - This investigation was conducted to determine the comparative effect of structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators (PP) on the two-dimensional protein pattern of rat liver whole homogenates. Perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), clofibrate, and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP) are all known to cause the proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes and the induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidative and microsomal omega-oxidative enzymes. To detect potential differences between these compounds with regard to the liver, we examined the unique patterns of protein alteration produced by in vivo exposure to them. Following exposure to various doses, whole liver homogenates were prepared and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) using the ISO-DALT System. Stained gels were digitized and protein patterns analyzed using the Kepler 2D Gel Analysis System. Immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (BiP), also known as 78 kD glucose regulated protein (Grp78), was identified immunologically and by comigration of recombinant Grp78. BiP is a luminal endoplasmic reticular (ER) protein that functions in the assembly and folding of nascent proteins as they enter the ER. The present results suggest a selective posttranslational modification of BiP following PFDA exposure. Single-dose exposure to PFDA was associated with a notable charge-modification of BiP that persists up to 30 days. PFOA, clofibrate, and DEHP had less effect in this regard. Our data suggest the likely nature of this PFDA-associated protein modification is associated with protein-phosphorylation. These results document the unique nature of PFDA's hepatotoxicity with respect to classic peroxisome proliferators and support the utility of 2D gel analysis in toxicity testing.

AB - This investigation was conducted to determine the comparative effect of structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators (PP) on the two-dimensional protein pattern of rat liver whole homogenates. Perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), clofibrate, and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP) are all known to cause the proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes and the induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidative and microsomal omega-oxidative enzymes. To detect potential differences between these compounds with regard to the liver, we examined the unique patterns of protein alteration produced by in vivo exposure to them. Following exposure to various doses, whole liver homogenates were prepared and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) using the ISO-DALT System. Stained gels were digitized and protein patterns analyzed using the Kepler 2D Gel Analysis System. Immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (BiP), also known as 78 kD glucose regulated protein (Grp78), was identified immunologically and by comigration of recombinant Grp78. BiP is a luminal endoplasmic reticular (ER) protein that functions in the assembly and folding of nascent proteins as they enter the ER. The present results suggest a selective posttranslational modification of BiP following PFDA exposure. Single-dose exposure to PFDA was associated with a notable charge-modification of BiP that persists up to 30 days. PFOA, clofibrate, and DEHP had less effect in this regard. Our data suggest the likely nature of this PFDA-associated protein modification is associated with protein-phosphorylation. These results document the unique nature of PFDA's hepatotoxicity with respect to classic peroxisome proliferators and support the utility of 2D gel analysis in toxicity testing.

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