Amyloid protein was isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded heart tissue sections from a patient with primary (AL) amyloidosis by extraction with 6 M guanidine HCl. SDS-PAGE analysis of extracted material showed a major band at 16 kDa and a minor band at 18 kDa. Edman degradation analysis before and after pyroglutamate aminopeptidase treatment showed that the amyloid protein contained N-terminal pyroglutamic acid and was derived from an immunoglobulin λ light chain. Analysis of tryptic peptides from the extract identified the amyloid protein as a λI. Of particular interest is that almost the entire amyloid protein amino acid sequence could be obtained from the cardiac sections. These results demonstrate that formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections can be used for extensive biochemical characterization of amyloid proteins and will become a valuable source for isolation and extensive biochemical characterization of amyloid proteins as they are now a valuable source for isolation of DNA for genetic analysis.
- λ light chain
- Amyloid protein
- Formalin fixed
- Paraffin-embedded tissue section
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine