Testicular cancer has become a model for a curable neoplasm. Studies of cisplatin combination chemotherapy performed by the author's group allow the following conclusions: (1) short-duration, intensive induction therapy with the most active agents in optimal dosage is more important than maintenance therapy; (2) a modest dose escalation increases toxicity without improving therapeutic efficacy; (3) it is possible to develop curative salvage therapy for refractory germ cell tumors; and (4) preclinical models predicting synergism, such as vinblastine plus bleomycin or cisplatin plus etoposide, have clinical relevance. Testicular cancer has also become a model for new drug development. Cisplatin has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for testis and ovarian cancer and VP-16 and ifosfamide for refractory germ cell tumors. The success of these studies confirms the importance of the continued search for new investigational drugs in all solid tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine