Cholera toxin action on rabbit renal brush-border membranes inhibits phosphate transport

Hasan A. Al-Mahrouq, James A. McAteer, Stephen A. Kempson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cholera toxin was used to enhance ADP-ribosylation of rabbit renal rush-border membranes. Treatment of brush-border membrane sheets with cholera toxin in the presence of NAD resulted in a specific inhibition of the initial phase of Na+-dependent P1 uptake, compare to controls incubated with NAD alone. The Pi uptake was determined after conversion of the membrane sheets to vesicles. The equiliibrium uptake of Pi, Na+-independent uptake of Pi, the Na+-dependent uptake of l-proline and the activities of several brush-border membrane enzymes were not changed. The inhibition of Pi transport was dependent on the presence of both NAD and cholera toxin. Incubationof membrane sheets with [3H]NAD produced acid-stable binding of radioactivity to the membranes and the binding was increased 5-fold by the presence of cholera toxin. The use of [32P]NAD and autoradiography confirmed that the bound radioactivity was associated with several different membrane proteins, and that cholera toxin increased binding to these proteins including three that were not labelled in the absence of the toxin. The specific inhibitory action of cholera toxin on Na+Pi contransport is probably mediated by ADP-ribosylatin of membrane proteins, suggesting that the Pi transport system can be regulated by ADP-ribosylation, at least in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-206
Number of pages7
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume981
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 1989

Keywords

  • (Rabbit)
  • Brush-border
  • membrane
  • Phosphate transport
  • Toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology

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