Chronic ethanol consumption increases dopamine uptake in the nucleus accumbens of high alcohol drinking rats

Michelle R. Carroll, Zachary A. Rodd, James M. Murphy, Jay R. Simon

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Past research has indicated that chronic ethanol exposure enhances dopamine (DA) neurotransmission in several brain regions. The present study examined the effects of chronic ethanol drinking on dopamine transporter (DAT) function in the nucleus accumbens (Acb) of High-Alcohol-Drinking replicate line 1 (HAD-1) rats. HAD rats were given concurrent 24-h access to 15% ethanol and water or water alone for 8 weeks. Subsequently, DA uptake and the Vmax of the DAT were compared between the two groups using homogenates of the nucleus accumbens. DA uptake was measured following a 2 min incubation at 37°C in the presence of 8 nM [3H]DA. For kinetic analyses, DA uptake was assessed in the presence of 5 concentrations of [3H]DA ranging from 8 nM to 500 nM. Analyses of the data revealed a significant increase in DA uptake in the ethanol group compared to water controls. Kinetic analyses revealed the change in DA uptake to be a consequence of an increase in the Vmax of transport. These findings demonstrate that chronic free-choice oral ethanol consumption in HAD-1 female rats increases DA uptake in the Acb by increasing the Vmax of the transporter. However, it is not known whether the ethanol-induced change in Vmax is caused by differences in the actual number of available transporter sites or from a difference in the velocity of operation of a similar number of transporters. Overall, the data indicate that chronic ethanol consumption by HAD-1 rats produces prolonged neuroadaptations within the mesolimbic DA system, which may be important for the understanding of the neurobiological basis of alcoholism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalAlcohol
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Dopamine transport
  • Dopamine uptake
  • Ethanol
  • High alcohol drinking rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

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