The chronic glomerulonephritides that lead to permanent loss of renal function may present with an acute nephritic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome, or asymptomatic hematuria and proteinuria. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis, and IgA nephropathy are common childhood glomerulonephritides that may lead to chronic renal failure. Their clinical manifestations, natural history, and long-term prognosis are distinct. This article reviews various presentations of these common childhood glomerulonephritides and an approach to management and potential therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health