Chronic kidney disease as a coronary disease equivalent-a comparison with diabetes over a decade

Yalew T. Debella, Habtamu D. Giduma, Robert P. Light, Rajiv Agarwal

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34 Scopus citations


Summary Background and objectives Whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) should also be considered a coronary disease equivalent like diabetes is not clear. Design, setting, participants, & methods Veterans with and without diabetes and with and without CKD were prospectively recruited. A competing Cox regression model was used to describe the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in the two groups (CKD and diabetes) over a decade of follow-up. Results The incidence rate of MI in those without CKD was 0.047/yr and in those with CKD was 0.206/yr. Multivariate adjustment revealed the incident rate ratio for MI in CKD as 3.5 and for diabetes mellitus as 2.5. The cumulative incidence for MI was influenced by CKD and diabetes. CKD was associated with a subhazard ratio for MI of 3.74; in contrast, diabetes was associated with a subhazard ratio for MI of 2.6. For the outcome of all-cause mortality, after multivariate adjustment, CKD was associated with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.86, which was similar to the HR of 2.27 for prevalent coronary artery disease. The HR for diabetes was NS at 1.35. Conclusions CKD is associated with a risk of death similar to that of established coronary artery disease and higher than that of diabetes mellitus. CKD is associated with a risk of MI that is at least as much as that from diabetes mellitus. Among veterans, CKD appears to be a coronary disease equivalent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1385-1392
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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