Background: Infrequent intraprocedural premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) may impede radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) outcome, and pharmacologic induction is unpredictable. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether PVC circadian variation could help predict drug response. Methods: Consecutive patients referred for RFA with detailed Holter monitoring and frequent monomorphic PVCs were included. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on hourly PVC count relationship to corresponding mean heart rate (HR) during each of the 24 hours on Holter: fast-HR-dependent PVC (F-HR-PVC) type for a positive correlation (Pearson, P <.05), slow-HR-dependent PVC (S-HR-PVC) type for a negative correlation, and independent-HR-PVC (I-HR-PVC) when no correlation was found. Results: Fifty-one of the 101 patients (50.5%) had F-HR-PVC, 39.6% I-HR-PVC, and 9.9% S-HR-PVC; 30.7% had infrequent intraprocedural PVC requiring drug infusion. The best predictor of infrequent PVC was number of hours with PVC count <120/h on Holter (area under the curve 0.80, sensitivity 83.9%, specificity 74.3%, for ≥2 h). Only F-HR-PVC patients responded to isoproterenol. Isoproterenol washout or phenylephrine infusion was successful for the 3 S-HR-PVC patients, and no drug could increase PVC frequency in the 12 I-HR-PVC patients. Long-term RFA success rate in patients with frequent PVCs at baseline (82.9%) was similar to those with infrequent PVC who responded to a drug (77.8%; P =.732) but significantly higher than for those who did not respond to any drug (15.4%; P <.0001). Conclusion: A simple analysis of Holter PVC circadian variability provides incremental value to guide pharmacologic induction of PVCs during RFA and predict outcome. Patients with infrequent I-HR-PVC had the least successful outcomes from RF ablation.
- Autonomic nervous system
- Circadian profile
- Premature ventricular complexes
- Radiofrequency ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)