R-(+)-7-Chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro- 1H-3-benzazepine hydrochloride (SCH23390) is a widely used, highly selective antagonist of D1 dopamine receptors. While investigating the crosstalk between D1 and D3 dopamine receptor signaling pathways, we discovered that in addition to being a D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390 and related compounds inhibit G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium (GIRK) channels. We present evidence that SCH23390 blocks endogenous GIRK currents induced by either somatostatin or D3 dopamine receptors in AtT-20 cells (IC50, 268 nM). The inhibition is receptor-independent because constitutive GIRK currents in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing only GIRK channels are also blocked by SCH23390. The inhibition of GIRK channels is somewhat selective because members of the closely related Kir2.0 family of inwardly rectifying potassium channels, as well as various endogenous cationic currents present in AtT-20 cells, are not affected. In addition, in current clamp recordings, SCH23390 can depolarize the membrane potential and induce AtT-20 cells to fire action potentials, indicating potential physiological significance of the GIRK channel inhibition. To identify the chemical features that contribute to GIRK channel block, we tested several structurally related compounds [SKF38393, R-(+)-7-chloro-8-hydroxy-1-phenyl- 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine hydrochloride (nor- methyl-SCH23390), and R-(+)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-8-iodo-3- methyl-5-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepin-7-ol hydrochloride (iodo- SCH23390)], and our results indicate that the halide atom is critical for blocking GIRK channels. Taken together, our results suggest that SCH23390 and related compounds might provide the basis for designing novel GIRK channel-selective blockers. Perhaps more importantly, some studies that have exclusively used SCH23390 to probe D1 receptor function or as a diagnostic of D1 receptor involvement may need to be reevaluated in light of these results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine