Clinical and cytogenetic manifestations of subtelomeric aberrations: Report of six cases

Esperanza Font-Montgomery, David D. Weaver, Laurence Walsh, Celanie Christensen, Virginia C. Thurston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fluorescent subtelomeric probes for the 41 different subtelomeric regions (the p arms of the acrocentric chromosomes were excluded) have been developed over the last 10 years. These probes can detect deletions, duplications, and translocations in the gene-rich subtelomeric regions of human chromosomes, regions where crossing over frequently occurs and where a high number of abnormalities have been found. Recently, commercially produced probes have become available, which has led to the detection of subtelomeric abnormalities in 7.4% of patients with moderate to severe mental retardation (Knight et al., 1999). CASES: We evaluated 43 dysmorphic children with developmental delay and/or mental retardation of unknown etiology and/or autism who were previously assessed for chromosome abnormalities, metabolic disorders, or recognizable dysmorphic syndromes, all of which were ruled out. Of the 43 children tested, 6 (14%) were found to have subtelomeric aberrations. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend that patients with dysmorphic features and mental retardation of unknown etiology who also have a normal standard chromosome analysis should have subtelomeric FISH testing performed earlier in their clinical workup.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-415
Number of pages8
JournalBirth Defects Research Part A - Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Birth defects
  • Chromosomes
  • Idiopathic mental retardation
  • Subtelomeric FISH probes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

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