Clinical evaluation of 15% carbamide peroxide on the surface microhardness and shear bond strength of human enamel

Michael J. Metz, Michael A. Cochran, Bruce A. Matis, Carlos Gonzalez, Jeffrey A. Platt, Melvin R. Lund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This clinical evaluation compared a neutral sodium fluoridated whitening product to a neutral non-fluoridated whitening product in terms their effects on human enamel surface microhardness (SMH) and human enamel/resin composite shear bond strength (SBS) following various treatment times. Materials and Methods: Subjects were evaluated for enamel SMH and enamel/resin SBS following 15% carbamide peroxide (CP) with and without potassium nitrate and fluoride (PF). Twenty subjects (80 first or second premolars), who were treatment-planned for premolar extraction due to orthodontic therapy, were allocated into two groups, A and B. Group A received 15% CP, while Group B received 15% CP with PF. Each patient had a control tooth, a 14-day treatment + 14-day recovery tooth, a 14-day treatment + no recovery tooth and a 4-day + no recovery tooth. Each tooth was further divided into two testing surfaces; the facial surface was used for SMH, while the lingual surface was used for SBS. Results: The results of this study determined that there was no statistically significant difference between the effects of the two products on SMH and enamel/resin SBS. Additionally, there was no statistically significant difference between the treatment specimens compared to the controls in terms of SMH. However, there was a significant difference between the treatment groups compared to the controls in terms of enamel/resin SBS. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this clinical study, 15% CP with and without PF does not seem to alter the SMH of human enamel. However, 15% CP with and without PF significantly reduced enamel/resin SBS immediately following tooth whitening therapy, up to 14 days post-treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-436
Number of pages10
JournalOperative dentistry
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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