Clinical evaluation of a universal adhesive in non-carious cervical lesions

Matthew A. Rouse, Jaren T. May, Jeffrey A. Platt, N. Blaine Cook, Oriana R. Capin, Brooke N. Adams, Michele L. Kirkup, Kim E. Diefenderfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the clinical performance of a universal adhesive in class V non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using two surface treatment protocols (self-etch [SfE] vs selective-enamel-etch [SelE]). Material and methods: Thirty-three adults, each with ≥2 NCCLs, received one resin composite restoration utilizing a SfE universal adhesive and another utilizing the adhesive and SelE with 37% phosphoric acid. Restorations were evaluated for sensitivity, retention, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, and clinical acceptability through 24 months using Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel tests for stratified, ordered categorical outcomes. Results: Sixty-six restorations (35 SfE, 31 SelE; 27 volunteers) were evaluated at 24 months. There were no significant differences between SfE and SelE for sensitivity, retention, marginal adaptation, or clinical acceptability. One SfE restoration was lost. Marginal adaptation was significantly worse at 24 months than baseline for SelE (P = 0.01), but not for SfE. Marginal discoloration was significantly worse for SfE (P = 0.02), but not for SelE. Sensitivity improved from baseline to 24 months for both groups (SelE P = 0.004, SfE P = 0.002). Conclusions: Twenty-four-month data indicated significantly reduced sensitivity for both groups, worse marginal discoloration for SfE, and worse marginal adaptation for SelE. No changes in retention or clinical acceptability were observed in either group. All retained restorations were clinically acceptable at 24 months. Clinical Significance: Both self-etch and selective enamel etch techniques with a universal adhesive produced clinically acceptable results in resin composite restorations for NCCLs over 2 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • adhesive
  • cervical
  • resin composite
  • retention
  • selective enamel etch
  • self-etch
  • sensitivity
  • universal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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