Clinical practice guideline

Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Carole L. Marcus, Dale Chapman, Sally Davidson Ward, Susanna A. McColley, Carla T. Herrerias, Paul C. Stillwell, Michelle Howenstine, Michael J. Light, Susanna A. McColley, David A. Schaeffer, Jeffrey S. Wagener, Laura N. Laskosz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

739 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This clinical practice guideline, intended for use by primary care clinicians, provides recommendations for the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The Section on Pediatric Pulmonology of the American Academy of Pediatrics selected a subcommittee composed of pediatricians and other experts in the fields of pulmonology and otolaryngology as well as experts from epidemiology and pediatric practice to develop an evidence base of literature on this topic. The resulting evidence report was used to formulate recommendations for the diagnosis and management of childhood OSAS. The guideline contains the following recommendations for the diagnosis of OSAS: 1) all children should be screened for snoring; 2) complex high-risk patients should be referred to a specialist; 3) patients with cardiorespiratory failure cannot await elective evaluation; 4) diagnostic evaluation is useful in discriminating between primary snoring and OSAS, the gold standard being polysomnography; 5) adenotonsillectomy is the first line of treatment for most children, and continuous positive airway pressure is an option for those who are not candidates for surgery or do not respond to surgery; 6) high-risk patients should be monitored as inpatients postoperatively; 7) patients should be reevaluated postoperatively to determine whether additional treatment is required. This clinical practice guideline is not intended as a sole source of guidance in the evaluation of children with OSAS. Rather, it is designed to assist primary care clinicians by providing a framework for diagnostic decision making. It is not intended to replace clinical judgment or to establish a protocol for all children with this condition and may not provide the only appropriate approach to this problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-712
Number of pages9
JournalPediatrics
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Practice Management
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Practice Guidelines
Pulmonary Medicine
Snoring
Pediatrics
Primary Health Care
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Polysomnography
Otolaryngology
Inpatients
Decision Making
Epidemiology
Guidelines
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Infant child
  • Meta-analysis
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Polysomnography
  • Sleep disorders
  • Snoring
  • Tonsillectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Marcus, C. L., Chapman, D., Ward, S. D., McColley, S. A., Herrerias, C. T., Stillwell, P. C., ... Laskosz, L. N. (2002). Clinical practice guideline: Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatrics, 109(4), 704-712. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.4.704

Clinical practice guideline : Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. / Marcus, Carole L.; Chapman, Dale; Ward, Sally Davidson; McColley, Susanna A.; Herrerias, Carla T.; Stillwell, Paul C.; Howenstine, Michelle; Light, Michael J.; McColley, Susanna A.; Schaeffer, David A.; Wagener, Jeffrey S.; Laskosz, Laura N.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 109, No. 4, 2002, p. 704-712.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marcus, CL, Chapman, D, Ward, SD, McColley, SA, Herrerias, CT, Stillwell, PC, Howenstine, M, Light, MJ, McColley, SA, Schaeffer, DA, Wagener, JS & Laskosz, LN 2002, 'Clinical practice guideline: Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome', Pediatrics, vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 704-712. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.4.704
Marcus CL, Chapman D, Ward SD, McColley SA, Herrerias CT, Stillwell PC et al. Clinical practice guideline: Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatrics. 2002;109(4):704-712. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.4.704
Marcus, Carole L. ; Chapman, Dale ; Ward, Sally Davidson ; McColley, Susanna A. ; Herrerias, Carla T. ; Stillwell, Paul C. ; Howenstine, Michelle ; Light, Michael J. ; McColley, Susanna A. ; Schaeffer, David A. ; Wagener, Jeffrey S. ; Laskosz, Laura N. / Clinical practice guideline : Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. In: Pediatrics. 2002 ; Vol. 109, No. 4. pp. 704-712.
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