Clinical validation of the use of fluorescence for the early detection of dental caries

George K. Stookey, Roger L. Isaacs, Andrea Ferreira Zandona, Masatoshi Ando, Carlos Gonzalez, Melissa S. Mau, Sue A. Kelly, Mostafa Analoui

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A clinical investigation was conducted in children to validate the use of fluorescence for the early detection of dental caries. A total of 150 children were examined for the presence of dental caries at baseline and at 4-month intervals for one year using conventional visual-tactile with and without a dental explorer, electrical conductivity and light fluorescence methods on the occlusal, buccal and lingual tooth surfaces. Interproximal tooth surfaces were examined using conventional film and direct digital radiography at baseline and 12 months. Validation of the clinical methods was performed by the histologic examination of exfoliated primary teeth. The results indicate that visual-tactile examinations with an explorer detected more carious lesions than similar examinations without an explorer. The use of quantitative light fluorescence permitted the detection of a substantially greater number of enamel lesions or demineralized areas than the conventional visual-tactile-radiographic diagnostic procedure. Further, the use of the quantitative light fluorescence procedure permitted the monitoring of both the progression and regression of early carious lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-157
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3593
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 Lasers in Dentistry V - San Jose, CA, USA
Duration: Jan 24 1999Jan 25 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Stookey, G. K., Isaacs, R. L., Zandona, A. F., Ando, M., Gonzalez, C., Mau, M. S., Kelly, S. A., & Analoui, M. (1999). Clinical validation of the use of fluorescence for the early detection of dental caries. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 3593, 154-157.