Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a Haemophilus influenzae type b lipooligosaccharide synthesis gene(s) that encodes a 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid epitope

Stanley Spinola, Y. A. Kwaik, A. J. Lesse, A. A. Campagnari, M. A. Apicella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The composition of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) can modify the virulence of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). A genomic library of Hib strain A2 was constructed in the lambda bacteriophage EMBL3. Twenty-six phage clones expressed a Hib LOS oligosaccharide epitope in Escherichia coli that was detected by the monoclonal antibody (MAb) 6E4. None of the clones bound a polyclonal sera specific for Hib A2 LOS or an anti-H. influenzae lipid A MAb. One clone, designated EMBLOS-1, assembled an oligosaccharide with an apparent molecular weight of 1,400 (the 1.4K oligosaccharide) on a 4.1K lipopolysaccharide (LPS) species in E. coli LE392 and produced a novel 5.5K LPS that bound 6E4. Binding of 6E4 to the 5.5K EMBLOS-1 LPS band was abolished by treatment with sodium metaperiodate but was not affected by digestion with proteinase K, confirming the carbohydrate nature of the epitope. The EMBLOS-1 Haemophilus insert hybridized to similar restriction fragments in type b and nontypeable strains regardless of whether they expressed the 6E4 epitope. The 6E4 epitope did not undergo phase variation in Hib strain A2 at a frequency of > 10-3. The oligosaccharide of the Salmonella minnesota Re mutant and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid (KDO) inhibited binding of 6E4 to Hib A2 LOS. We conclude that a gene(s) encoding an enzyme(s) that assembles a stable Hib LOS epitope containing KDO is conserved in H. influenzae and that the cloned Hib LOS synthesis gene products assemble a Hib LOS epitope on an E. coli K-12 LPS core.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1558-1564
Number of pages7
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume58
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Haemophilus influenzae type b
Organism Cloning
Epitopes
Escherichia coli
Genes
Oligosaccharides
varespladib methyl
Lipopolysaccharides
Clone Cells
Haemophilus influenzae
Monoclonal Antibodies
Haemophilus
Bacteriophage lambda
lipid-linked oligosaccharides
2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate
Endopeptidase K
Lipid A
Genomic Library
Salmonella
Bacteriophages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a Haemophilus influenzae type b lipooligosaccharide synthesis gene(s) that encodes a 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid epitope. / Spinola, Stanley; Kwaik, Y. A.; Lesse, A. J.; Campagnari, A. A.; Apicella, M. A.

In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 58, No. 6, 1990, p. 1558-1564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f1fad8493eb547b8a32b5ea1cfd81fd4,
title = "Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a Haemophilus influenzae type b lipooligosaccharide synthesis gene(s) that encodes a 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid epitope",
abstract = "The composition of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) can modify the virulence of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). A genomic library of Hib strain A2 was constructed in the lambda bacteriophage EMBL3. Twenty-six phage clones expressed a Hib LOS oligosaccharide epitope in Escherichia coli that was detected by the monoclonal antibody (MAb) 6E4. None of the clones bound a polyclonal sera specific for Hib A2 LOS or an anti-H. influenzae lipid A MAb. One clone, designated EMBLOS-1, assembled an oligosaccharide with an apparent molecular weight of 1,400 (the 1.4K oligosaccharide) on a 4.1K lipopolysaccharide (LPS) species in E. coli LE392 and produced a novel 5.5K LPS that bound 6E4. Binding of 6E4 to the 5.5K EMBLOS-1 LPS band was abolished by treatment with sodium metaperiodate but was not affected by digestion with proteinase K, confirming the carbohydrate nature of the epitope. The EMBLOS-1 Haemophilus insert hybridized to similar restriction fragments in type b and nontypeable strains regardless of whether they expressed the 6E4 epitope. The 6E4 epitope did not undergo phase variation in Hib strain A2 at a frequency of > 10-3. The oligosaccharide of the Salmonella minnesota Re mutant and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid (KDO) inhibited binding of 6E4 to Hib A2 LOS. We conclude that a gene(s) encoding an enzyme(s) that assembles a stable Hib LOS epitope containing KDO is conserved in H. influenzae and that the cloned Hib LOS synthesis gene products assemble a Hib LOS epitope on an E. coli K-12 LPS core.",
author = "Stanley Spinola and Kwaik, {Y. A.} and Lesse, {A. J.} and Campagnari, {A. A.} and Apicella, {M. A.}",
year = "1990",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "58",
pages = "1558--1564",
journal = "Infection and Immunity",
issn = "0019-9567",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a Haemophilus influenzae type b lipooligosaccharide synthesis gene(s) that encodes a 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid epitope

AU - Spinola, Stanley

AU - Kwaik, Y. A.

AU - Lesse, A. J.

AU - Campagnari, A. A.

AU - Apicella, M. A.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - The composition of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) can modify the virulence of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). A genomic library of Hib strain A2 was constructed in the lambda bacteriophage EMBL3. Twenty-six phage clones expressed a Hib LOS oligosaccharide epitope in Escherichia coli that was detected by the monoclonal antibody (MAb) 6E4. None of the clones bound a polyclonal sera specific for Hib A2 LOS or an anti-H. influenzae lipid A MAb. One clone, designated EMBLOS-1, assembled an oligosaccharide with an apparent molecular weight of 1,400 (the 1.4K oligosaccharide) on a 4.1K lipopolysaccharide (LPS) species in E. coli LE392 and produced a novel 5.5K LPS that bound 6E4. Binding of 6E4 to the 5.5K EMBLOS-1 LPS band was abolished by treatment with sodium metaperiodate but was not affected by digestion with proteinase K, confirming the carbohydrate nature of the epitope. The EMBLOS-1 Haemophilus insert hybridized to similar restriction fragments in type b and nontypeable strains regardless of whether they expressed the 6E4 epitope. The 6E4 epitope did not undergo phase variation in Hib strain A2 at a frequency of > 10-3. The oligosaccharide of the Salmonella minnesota Re mutant and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid (KDO) inhibited binding of 6E4 to Hib A2 LOS. We conclude that a gene(s) encoding an enzyme(s) that assembles a stable Hib LOS epitope containing KDO is conserved in H. influenzae and that the cloned Hib LOS synthesis gene products assemble a Hib LOS epitope on an E. coli K-12 LPS core.

AB - The composition of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) can modify the virulence of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). A genomic library of Hib strain A2 was constructed in the lambda bacteriophage EMBL3. Twenty-six phage clones expressed a Hib LOS oligosaccharide epitope in Escherichia coli that was detected by the monoclonal antibody (MAb) 6E4. None of the clones bound a polyclonal sera specific for Hib A2 LOS or an anti-H. influenzae lipid A MAb. One clone, designated EMBLOS-1, assembled an oligosaccharide with an apparent molecular weight of 1,400 (the 1.4K oligosaccharide) on a 4.1K lipopolysaccharide (LPS) species in E. coli LE392 and produced a novel 5.5K LPS that bound 6E4. Binding of 6E4 to the 5.5K EMBLOS-1 LPS band was abolished by treatment with sodium metaperiodate but was not affected by digestion with proteinase K, confirming the carbohydrate nature of the epitope. The EMBLOS-1 Haemophilus insert hybridized to similar restriction fragments in type b and nontypeable strains regardless of whether they expressed the 6E4 epitope. The 6E4 epitope did not undergo phase variation in Hib strain A2 at a frequency of > 10-3. The oligosaccharide of the Salmonella minnesota Re mutant and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid (KDO) inhibited binding of 6E4 to Hib A2 LOS. We conclude that a gene(s) encoding an enzyme(s) that assembles a stable Hib LOS epitope containing KDO is conserved in H. influenzae and that the cloned Hib LOS synthesis gene products assemble a Hib LOS epitope on an E. coli K-12 LPS core.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025374676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025374676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 1558

EP - 1564

JO - Infection and Immunity

JF - Infection and Immunity

SN - 0019-9567

IS - 6

ER -