Cloning and sequencing of cDNA encoding the complete mouse liver alcohol dehydrogenase

H. J. Edenberg, K. Zhang, K. Fong, W. F. Bosron, T. K. Li

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The main ethanol-active alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH; alcohol:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC in mouse liver (ADH-AA) is similar in catalytic and molecular properties to horse liver ADH-EE and to the human class I ADHs. We have isolated cDNA clones encoding the entire mouse liver enzyme plus flanking regions. A mixture of 16 different oligonucleotides, each 14 bases long, was used to screen a liver cDNA library made from a DBA/2J mouse. A strongly hybridizing clone was found and identified as an ADH-encoding cDNA by partial DNA sequencing. This clone was used as a probe to identify others. Two overlapping cDNA clones together contained the entire protein-encoding region plus 100 nucleotides of the 5' noncoding region and 133 nucleotides of the 3' noncoding region culminating in a short poly(dA) tail. The amino acid sequence of the mouse liver enzyme deduced from this cDNA closely resembles that of horse liver ADH-E: 316 of 374 residues are identical, and 29 of the differences are conservative substitutions. The 5' region of this cDNA is interesting: the AUG that initiates the ADH polypeptide is preceded by an AUG that would encode the first amino acid of a tripeptide. Presumably termination of this tripeptide is followed by reinitiation at the AUG immediately preceding the sequence of the mature ADH polypeptide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2262-2266
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 4 1985

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