Cochlear implantation in deaf infants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: With the application of universal newborn hearing screening programs, a large pool of newly identified deaf infants has been identified. The benefits of early intervention with cochlear implants (CI) is being explored. Mounting evidence suggests that age at implantation is a strong predictor of language outcomes. However, new behavioral procedures are needed to measure speech and language skills during infancy. Also, procedures are needed to analyze the speech input to young CI recipients. Study Design: Cohort-sequential. Methods: Thirteen infants with profound hearing loss who were implanted between the ages of 6 to 12 months of age participated in this study. Eight participated in two new behavioral methodologies: 1) the visual habituation procedure to assess their discrimination of speech sounds; 2) the preferential looking paradigm to assess their ability to learn associations between speech sounds and objects. Older implanted infants and normal-hearing infants were also tested for comparison. The pitch of mothers' speech to infants was analyzed. Results: Patterns of looking times for the very early implanted infants were similar to those of normal hearing infants. Mothers' speech to infants with CIs was similar in pitch to normal-hearing infants who had the same duration of experience with sounds. Conclusions: No surgical or anesthetic complications occurred in this group of infants, and the pattern of listening skill development mirrors that seen in normal-hearing infants. Mothers adjust their speech to suit the listening experience of their infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1376-1380
Number of pages5
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume115
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Fingerprint

Cochlear Implantation
Hearing
Phonetics
Cochlear Implants
Mothers
Language
Aptitude
Hearing Loss
Anesthetics
Cohort Studies

Keywords

  • Behavioral measures
  • Cochlear implants
  • Deafness
  • Infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Cochlear implantation in deaf infants. / Miyamoto, Richard; Houston, Derek M.; Bergeson-Dana, Tonya.

In: Laryngoscope, Vol. 115, No. 8, 08.2005, p. 1376-1380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miyamoto, Richard ; Houston, Derek M. ; Bergeson-Dana, Tonya. / Cochlear implantation in deaf infants. In: Laryngoscope. 2005 ; Vol. 115, No. 8. pp. 1376-1380.
@article{950f7b87d2874a61a2167c50c4c26d19,
title = "Cochlear implantation in deaf infants",
abstract = "Objectives: With the application of universal newborn hearing screening programs, a large pool of newly identified deaf infants has been identified. The benefits of early intervention with cochlear implants (CI) is being explored. Mounting evidence suggests that age at implantation is a strong predictor of language outcomes. However, new behavioral procedures are needed to measure speech and language skills during infancy. Also, procedures are needed to analyze the speech input to young CI recipients. Study Design: Cohort-sequential. Methods: Thirteen infants with profound hearing loss who were implanted between the ages of 6 to 12 months of age participated in this study. Eight participated in two new behavioral methodologies: 1) the visual habituation procedure to assess their discrimination of speech sounds; 2) the preferential looking paradigm to assess their ability to learn associations between speech sounds and objects. Older implanted infants and normal-hearing infants were also tested for comparison. The pitch of mothers' speech to infants was analyzed. Results: Patterns of looking times for the very early implanted infants were similar to those of normal hearing infants. Mothers' speech to infants with CIs was similar in pitch to normal-hearing infants who had the same duration of experience with sounds. Conclusions: No surgical or anesthetic complications occurred in this group of infants, and the pattern of listening skill development mirrors that seen in normal-hearing infants. Mothers adjust their speech to suit the listening experience of their infants.",
keywords = "Behavioral measures, Cochlear implants, Deafness, Infants",
author = "Richard Miyamoto and Houston, {Derek M.} and Tonya Bergeson-Dana",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1097/01.mlg.0000172039.26650.9b",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "1376--1380",
journal = "Laryngoscope",
issn = "0023-852X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cochlear implantation in deaf infants

AU - Miyamoto, Richard

AU - Houston, Derek M.

AU - Bergeson-Dana, Tonya

PY - 2005/8

Y1 - 2005/8

N2 - Objectives: With the application of universal newborn hearing screening programs, a large pool of newly identified deaf infants has been identified. The benefits of early intervention with cochlear implants (CI) is being explored. Mounting evidence suggests that age at implantation is a strong predictor of language outcomes. However, new behavioral procedures are needed to measure speech and language skills during infancy. Also, procedures are needed to analyze the speech input to young CI recipients. Study Design: Cohort-sequential. Methods: Thirteen infants with profound hearing loss who were implanted between the ages of 6 to 12 months of age participated in this study. Eight participated in two new behavioral methodologies: 1) the visual habituation procedure to assess their discrimination of speech sounds; 2) the preferential looking paradigm to assess their ability to learn associations between speech sounds and objects. Older implanted infants and normal-hearing infants were also tested for comparison. The pitch of mothers' speech to infants was analyzed. Results: Patterns of looking times for the very early implanted infants were similar to those of normal hearing infants. Mothers' speech to infants with CIs was similar in pitch to normal-hearing infants who had the same duration of experience with sounds. Conclusions: No surgical or anesthetic complications occurred in this group of infants, and the pattern of listening skill development mirrors that seen in normal-hearing infants. Mothers adjust their speech to suit the listening experience of their infants.

AB - Objectives: With the application of universal newborn hearing screening programs, a large pool of newly identified deaf infants has been identified. The benefits of early intervention with cochlear implants (CI) is being explored. Mounting evidence suggests that age at implantation is a strong predictor of language outcomes. However, new behavioral procedures are needed to measure speech and language skills during infancy. Also, procedures are needed to analyze the speech input to young CI recipients. Study Design: Cohort-sequential. Methods: Thirteen infants with profound hearing loss who were implanted between the ages of 6 to 12 months of age participated in this study. Eight participated in two new behavioral methodologies: 1) the visual habituation procedure to assess their discrimination of speech sounds; 2) the preferential looking paradigm to assess their ability to learn associations between speech sounds and objects. Older implanted infants and normal-hearing infants were also tested for comparison. The pitch of mothers' speech to infants was analyzed. Results: Patterns of looking times for the very early implanted infants were similar to those of normal hearing infants. Mothers' speech to infants with CIs was similar in pitch to normal-hearing infants who had the same duration of experience with sounds. Conclusions: No surgical or anesthetic complications occurred in this group of infants, and the pattern of listening skill development mirrors that seen in normal-hearing infants. Mothers adjust their speech to suit the listening experience of their infants.

KW - Behavioral measures

KW - Cochlear implants

KW - Deafness

KW - Infants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23344447370&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23344447370&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.mlg.0000172039.26650.9b

DO - 10.1097/01.mlg.0000172039.26650.9b

M3 - Article

C2 - 16094108

AN - SCOPUS:23344447370

VL - 115

SP - 1376

EP - 1380

JO - Laryngoscope

JF - Laryngoscope

SN - 0023-852X

IS - 8

ER -