Coffee consumption and plasma biomarkers of metabolic and inflammatory pathways in US health professionals

Dong Hang, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Wenjie Ma, Yang Hu, Fred K. Tabung, Hongmei Nan, Zhibin Hu, Hongbing Shen, Lorelei A. Mucci, Andrew T. Chan, Edward L. Giovannucci, Mingyang Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background Coffee consumption has been linked to lower risk of various health outcomes. However, the biological pathways mediating the associations remain poorly understood. Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the association between coffee consumption and concentrations of plasma biomarkers in key metabolic and inflammatory pathways underlying common chronic diseases. Methods We investigated the associations of total, caffeinated, and decaffeinated coffee consumption with 14 plasma biomarkers, including C-peptide, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), IGF binding protein (IGFBP) 1, IGFBP-3, estrone, total and free estradiol, total and free testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), total adiponectin, high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, leptin, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (sTNFR-2). Data were derived from 2 cohorts of 15,551 women (Nurses' Health Study) and 7397 men (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study), who provided detailed dietary data before blood draw and were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at the time of blood draw. Multivariable linear regression was used to calculate the percentage difference of biomarker concentrations comparing coffee drinkers with nondrinkers, after adjusting for a variety of demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors. Results Compared with nondrinkers, participants who drank ≥4 cups of total coffee/d had lower concentrations of C-peptide (-8.7%), IGFBP-3 (-2.2%), estrone (-6.4%), total estradiol (-5.7%), free estradiol (-8.1%), leptin (-6.4%), CRP (-16.6%), IL-6 (-8.1%), and sTNFR-2 (-5.8%) and higher concentrations of SHBG (5.0%), total testosterone (7.3% in women and 5.3% in men), total adiponectin (9.3%), and HMW adiponectin (17.2%). The results were largely similar for caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee. Conclusion Our data indicate that coffee consumption is associated with favorable profiles of numerous biomarkers in key metabolic and inflammatory pathways. This trial was registered at as NCT03419455.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-596
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019


  • adipokine
  • coffee consumption
  • inflammation
  • insulin
  • sex hormone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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