Background: The removal of small colon polyps by cold snare transection without electrocautery effectively eliminates polyps, and anecdotal reports indicate a low risk of bleeding and perforation. Concerns about using cold snaring have centered on the risk of immediate bleeding and the difficulty in retrieving the polyp. The objective was to determine the retrieval rates of polyps after cold snaring after two different methods of resection and retrieval. Methods: Consecutive polyps were identified by a single colonoscopist who chose the technique of polypectomy (hot snare, cold snare, or cold forceps). If cold snaring was chosen, an independent observer assigned the polyp to method A (cold resection of polyp without tenting and then suction of the transected polyp into a trap) or method B (ensnare the polyp, pull it into the colonoscope channel, and then transect it while suctioning). The size and the approximate location of all polyps were recorded and all collected specimens were sent separately for histologic examination. Results: Of 519 consecutively encountered polyps, 400 were removed by cold snare: 197 were assigned to method A and 203 to method B. The mean size of polyps that were cold snared was 3.5 mm. The mean time to remove and to retrieve polyps with method A was 14.5 seconds (n = 58) and with method B was 18.1 seconds (n = 60) (p = 0.03). There were no complications from cold snaring. The rate of successful retrieval with method A was 100% (197 of 197 polyps) and with method B was 98% (199 of 203 polyps) (p = 0.04). Conclusions: Cold snare removal of colon polyps is associated with a high polyp retrieval rate. Each of two methods of polyp retrieval was effective. Snare transection without tenting of the polyp, followed by suctioning of the specimen off the polyp site, was more efficient, though the difference in efficiency was minimal. Difficulty or failure to retrieve polyps should not be a concern with regard to cold snare polypectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging