Color doppler imaging of the central retinal artery in premature infants undergoing examination for retinopathy of prematurity.

D. R. Holland, R. A. Saunders, L. E. Kagemann, E. C. Bluestein, A. K. Hutchinson, D. W. Corson, A. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: Recent attempts have been made to quantify blood flow velocity in the central retinal artery (CRA) of adults using color Doppler imaging (CDI). Although retinal vascular abnormalities are the hallmark of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), normal values have not been established for CRA blood flow velocity in premature infants. METHODS: CDI of the CRA was successfully performed on 43 eyes in 22 infants (postconceptional ages 32 to 39 weeks) before the infants underwent examination for ROP. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity were recorded from at least 1 eye of each patient. Pourcelot's resistive index was then calculated for each eye studied. RESULTS: Mean PSV for patients with no ROP (n = 6) was 7.2 +/- 1.5 cm/s, whereas those with any degree of ROP excluding plus disease (n = 9) had a mean PSV of 8.9 +/- 1.8 cm/s. Of the patients with ROP and plus disease (n = 7), the mean PSV was 7.0 +/- 1.6 cm/s. There were no statistically significant differences among these 3 groups (P= .08). CONCLUSIONS: CDI can be successfully performed on preterm infants and yields values lower than those previously reported in healthy adult subjects. PSV in the CRA may be higher in subjects with ROP in the absence of plus disease; however, further study is needed to determine whether these differences are significant.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology

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