Severe PPHTN is a contraindication to liver transplantation and predicts an abysmal 5-year outcome. It is defined as a resting mPAP >45 mm Hg with a mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure of <15 mm Hg and pulmonary vascular resistance of >3 wood units in the setting of portal hypertension. There have been limited reports of successful treatment of PPHTN leading to successful liver transplantation in adults, and one reported use of monotherapy as a bridge to successful liver transplant in pediatrics. To our knowledge, we describe the first use of combination therapy as a successful bridge to liver transplantation in a pediatric patient with severe PPHTN. This report adds to the paucity of data in pediatrics on the use of pulmonary vasodilator therapy in patients with severe PPHTN as a bridge to successful liver transplantation. Early diagnosis in order to mitigate or avoid the development of irreversible pulmonary vasculopathy that would preclude candidacy for liver transplantation is crucial, but our report demonstrates that combination therapy can be administered safely, quickly, and may allow for successful liver transplantation in patients with severe PPHTN.
- congenital hepatic fibrosis
- pediatric liver transplantation
- portopulmonary hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health